ETERNAL GLORY TO THE FALLEN IN
THE BATTLES OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR MOSFILM The latest news
from the north-eastern France, the Ardennes area. Watch some newsreels captured by
the Fuhrer glorious soldiers. The sequence
shows the advance of American
mechanized columns. They moved by the mountain roads
in the hope of an easy victory. But the great German Army struck an unexpected blow
at the arrogant Americans. 80,000 of them have been taken
prisoner. The enemy has been thrown off
120 kilometers back. Our troops are advancing
deep into France. If we are to believe
these German newsreels, the situation of the Allies in
the Ardennes is critical. The Anglo-American troops
are at the verge of catastrophe. It’s General Eisenhower’s great
desire and need to know what you plan to do, as this obviously affects all his
and our major decisions. I shall be grateful
if you can tell me whether we can count
on a major Russian offensive on the Vistula front,
or elsewhere, during January,
with any other points you may care
to mention. Winston Churchill. A delicate and cunning
appeal for help. The circumstances force them,
Comrade Stalin. How is the preparation for
an offensive going? On the direction of the main blow we have already concentrated
all the breakthrough armies. Nine thousand tanks,
nine thousands airplanes, seventy thousand guns
and 180 rifle divisions. When can we begin? Front Commanders Zhukov,
Konev and Rokossovsky believe that the optimal time for
an offensive is late January. Late January? And if we take Churchill’s
request into account and speed up the start of
the offensive? We’ll have to do without
the actions of our aviation. Fogs, bad weather.
A breakthrough without air support… Comrade Antonov, inform Zhukov,
Rokossovsky and Konev about the new date of the offensive –
January 12. On January 12, 13 and 14, 1945 the armies of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd
Byelorussian Fronts, the 1st and 4th Ukrainian Fronts, assisted by the ships
of the Baltic Fleet and the Ukrainian partisan units, had assumed an offensive in the general direction
towards Berlin! LIBERATION Film Four
THE BATTLE FOR BERLIN Screenplay by
Yuri BONDAREV Oskar KURGANOV
Yuri OZEROV Directed by
Yuri OZEROV Director of Photography
Igor SLABNEVICH Production Designer
Aleksandr MYAGKOV Music by Yu. LEVITIN English Subtitles by
Tatiana Kameneva Chief Military Consultant
Army General S. SHTEMENKO Cast: Zhukov – Mikhail ULYANOV
Konev – Vasily SHUKSHIN Tsvetayev – N. OLYALIN
Zoya – L. GOLUBKINA Orlov – B. ZAIDENBERG
Yartsev – M. NOZHKIN Dorozhkin – V. NOSIK
Vasilyev – Yu. KAMORNY Neustroyev – V. KORENEV
Berest – E. IZOTOV Stalin – Bukhuti ZAKARIADZE Roosevelt – S. JASKIEVICZ
Churchill – Yu. DUROV Antonov – V. STRZHELCHIK
Sokolovsky – M. POSTNIKOV Rokossovsky – V. DAVYDOV
Chuikov – I. PEREVERZEV Rybalko – D. FRANKO
Katukov – K. ZABELIN Lelyushenko – A. AFANASYEV
Bogdanov – S. LYAKHNITSKY Malinin – G. MIKHAILOV
Galadzhev – L. DAVLATOV Shatilov – A. ROMASHIN
Rudenko – L. PRESNETSOV Hitler – Fritz DIEZ
Goebbels – H. GIESE Keitel – G.M. HENNEBERG
Krebs – H. KRUGER Eva Braun – A. WALLER
Himmler – E. THIEDE Bormann – I. PAPE
Guderian – H. KORBS Wolfe – J. KLOSE
Magda Goebbels – Yu. DIOSHI Willi – G. STAIGER
Narrator – A. KARAPETYAN The flank blow of the 1st and 2nd
Guards Tank Armies had shaken all the German
tactical and operational defenses and forced the enemy to begin to withdraw
his troops from Warsaw. On January 17, the units of the 1st Polish Army
had entered Warsaw. Commander of the 1st Byelorussian
Front Marshal Zhukov Artillery attack! Turn right.
go into the gates! Let’s Comrade Marshal.
There must be a HQ here. Chief of HQ of the 745 Rifle
Regiment Major Orlov. Where’s the regiment commander? The regiment commander is resting,
Comrade Marshal. Wake him up. Yes, Comrade Marshal. Comrade Lieutenant-Colonel! Comrade Lieutenant-Colonel, get up. Comrade Lieutenant-Colonel. – Comrade Lieutenant-Colonel, get up.
– What’s up? – Your name?
– Lieutenant-Colonel Korkin. Report the situation. The situation… The battalion is attacking,
displaying mass heroism. Where exactly? Where are the attacking? On the western outskirts. Here’s the chief of headquarters. – May I report?
– Go ahead. The enemy is holding defenses
at the flour-grinding factory. Two attacks of the 1st and 2nd
battalions have been beaten off. The 3rd battalion is gathering at
the cemetery to attack the factory. All is clear. From this day, you, Major,
will be the regiment commander. And you, Lieutenant-Colonel, will be his deputy. I think it will be fair. First Tank Army Move forward as swiftly
as possible. Don’t engage in battle
with small garrisons. Commander of the First Tank Army
Lieutenant-General Katukov Only forward! Now the moment has come
when we should propose to General Eisenhower to enter into
an armistice for 100 days. This will allow us to concentrate
all our forces in the east and inflict the Russians a devastating
blow between the Vistula and the Oder. Through Zurich, we’ve established
contacts with Allen Dulles. He represents Eisenhower’s HQ. I know. They’ll demand we surrender all France,
Belgium, Holland without a fight. I cannot agree to that. We shall prove to them… that we’re still capable of
inflicting devastating blows. Guderian, report on the situation
between the Vistula and the Oder. On the Eastern Front
between the Vistula and the Order, there have been serious changes. What do you mean, Guderian? My Fuhrer,
today, the Russian 1st Tank Army has approached
the Oder south of Kustrin. Just 60 kilometers from Berlin? This is treason! Betrayal and treason! For 150 years an enemy soldier has
never set foot on German land. For 150 years, Guderian! My Fuhrer. My Fuhrer, I propose to strike
a counterblow in Pomerania. A counterblow? Show me. Well create powerful
striking force in Pomerania and attack Zhukov’s army
from the flank. Keitel. You said we need
an armistice in the west in order to concentrate all forces
on the Eastern front? Yes, my Fuhrer. Himmler, who will be
negotiating with Dulles? General Wolfe. SWITZERLAND A war can be compared to
a flight in foggy weather. The most dangerous moment
is landing, the finale. What’s awaiting you in the finale,
Mr. Dulles? Bolshevism in Europe? The Russian troops are only
50 miles away from Berlin, and the Americans are 500 km away. It is along this path that we can
seek and find common interests. So the General Staff
has confirmed our decision. In the next six days,
to consolidate the gains, bring up the lagging rear echelons, replenish supplies
up to two refills of fuel and two ammunition establishments, and by sweeping assault
capture Berlin on February 15 or 16. So… Capture Berlin in 15 days. All right. Prepare an order to the front’s
troops. Yes, Comrade Commander. May I report the new
information about the enemy? Report it. According to
our air reconnaissance, in Pomerania there has been spotted
the movement of major tank and motorized
forces of the enemy. The army intelligence reports that the 2nd and 11th Armies,
operating against our right flank, already comprise
16 infantry and up to 7 tank divisions. – Is that all?
– That’s all, Comrade Commander. What is the situation
in the area of Kustrin? I’ve lust come from there. Berzarin’s troops are persistently
fighting for the Order bridgeheads. The divisions have up to
50 percent of manpower left. The Germans are counterattacking
all the time. Their aviation is especially fierce. And where are our fighter aircraft,
General Rudenko? Comrade Commander, the Germans
take off from Berlin’s airports, which, have concrete runways, and our aviation is based
on airfields which are bogged from rains. Each fighter’s takeoff
entail great risk. General Oryol, how many tanks
do you have in our tank brigades? On average, about 40,
Comrade Commander. And many brigades
have only 15-20 tanks. Reinforcement is going too slow! The repair bases are lagging
about 500 kilometers behind. The 20 days of such swift thrust
are telling on men, too. Our political officers go along with the vanguard units,
inspiring soldiers to heroic deeds. The soldiers actually
display miraculous bravery. But, nevertheless, I must tell you
Comrade Commander, that the troops need a rest. You can go, Comrade Generals. Yes, Georgy Konstantinovich. The situation is extremely critical. Our troops are fighting at the limits
of human possibilities. And the Germans are pushing to Moscow. The have only 30 km to cover. Judging by the character
and strength of the blows of German groupings, don’t you think that the enemy
is getting exhausted? Look how stretched-out
his troops are along the frontage. They’ve lost their ability of
penetration. Their rear echelons dropped behind. Now is just the right time
to strike at their flanks. May I, Georgy Konstantinovich? I prepared an order to the troops
about the Berlin offensive. There will be no Berlin offensive, Mikhail Sergeyevich. That’s right, Georgy Konstantinovich. I knew you’d make that decision. What do you suggest? I’ve invited General Katukov,
Commander of the 1st Tank Army. He’s here, in the reception room. – Call him.
– Yes, Comrade Marshal. Good morning, Comrade Marshal. What are your plans, tank-man? My plans are to take Berlin,
Comrade Marshal. Seventy kilometers –
just two days’ marches for my army. All right, come to the map. Imagine that
you’re in Guderian’s place. You have 23 divisions, 7 tank and motorized ones among them. Zhukov is advancing to Berlin. Rokossovsky in 150 km behind him
in Pomerania. General Katukov, what would you have
done if you were Guderian? I would have tried to cut off
Marshal Zhukov’s advancing army with a tank strike
from the north. Right. Right. This is the only chance for Guderian. And now listen to my order
to the 1st Tank Army. I order… to leave your positions on the Oder
in charge of the neighboring units and move by forced march
northward to Pomerania. To the area of Arnswalde. Yes, Comrade-Marshal. General Headquarters! YALTA
February 4 The Soviet Army is continuing
its successful offensive along the 700-kilometer
frontline. The troops of General Chernyakhovsky
are attacking Konigsberg. The troops of Marshal Rokossovsky
are cutting off East Prussia from Germany’s central regions. The troops of Marshal Zhukov
had reached the Oder. The troops of Marshal Konev
are advancing to Breslau. The likely actions of the enemy: the Germans will be defending Berlin, lor which they’ll try to halt
the advancement of the Soviet troops on the line of the Oder River. Here they’re organizing defenses
at the cost of the reserves transferred from Germany, as well as from Western Europe
and Italy. On the Soviet front there may
appear additional 40 or so German divisions. This situation
is favorable or the Allied forces
to go to the offensive. Perhaps General Marshall, as Chief of General Staff
of the American Army, will tell us about the operations
being prepared in the West? In the last few days Eisenhower
has regrouped his forces. At the present
the 25th Army Group and the 9th American Army are preparing to attack. If we’re successful
in our offensive operations, we can move our
forces onto Dusseldorf, and then onto Berlin. How far are your
troops from Berlin now? About 600 miles. And our troops? Sixty kilometers, Comrade Stalin. The time has come for us to coordinate
our military actions. Gentlemen, the time
allotted to you is up. I hope
we were sincere when you spoke about the coordination of our actions. Have you any doubt about it,
Mr. Marshal? Yes, I have, Mr. Roosevelt. To be straight, it’s, about contact
with the enemy behind our back. And not only a contact,
but an agreement. I would even call it a conspiracy. A conspiracy?
With whom? With Hitler’s agent. I’m afraid you’re using
unconfirmed information. This is Allen Dulles. And this is Hitter’s agents
General Wolfe. I can assure you that is meeting was of a purely
tentative character. And yet, behind our back. We should not lose
trust in each other because of that. As long as we’re alive,
we have nothing to be afraid of. We shall not allow any dangerous
differences to stand between us. But in some ten years, or maybe even sooner,
we’ll be gone. A new generation will come, which will not have the experience of what we have gone through. What will happen then? I think we’ve gathered
here to secure peace, at least for the next 50 years. Or maybe I think so because
I’m too naive, Mr. President? That’s actually so,
Mr. Marshal. Well, then. The most important condition
or preserving a lasting peace in the unity of our three powers. If the Russians take Berlin, it will create great
difficulties in the future. I believe we should advance to
Berlin as rapidly as possible. The 1st Byelorussian Front
had turned its troops northward, repulsed the enemy
counterblow in Pomerania and, having overrun the German
resistance, went into an offensive on March 1 with tie forces of the 1st and 2nd
Guards Tank Armies, the 3rd Shock Army and the 1st Polish Army in the direction of the Baltic Sea. Well, artists, enjoying yourselves? Art belongs to the people. And where’s our commander? There he is, bicycling. You see, I’m mastering new equipment. Captain Vasilyev,
commander of the tank company. I’m lieutenant Dombrowski, battalion
commander of the Polish division. My task is to attack
along with our tanks. That’s the hitch.
We got a task, but no fuel. We’ve taken the village,
but what’s next… You got no fuel?
Wait. Pelka! He says he saw cisterns
3 kilometers away from the highway. Look, lieutenant,
lend me your scout. – You’re welcome.
– Dorozhkin. Get on the bikes
and check it. I’m saying that he got no lady yet,
but already got a ladies’ bicycle. I need to go ahead. Catch up with me. We’ll catch up. There it is. Well? What? C’mon, give me your mess-tin.
Come on, give it. – What do you need a mess-tin for?
– Give it here, I said. We tank-men
always taste fuel. Death to fascist occupants. Well, will it do? It’ll do. Try it. – I don’t know anything about fuel.
– You’ll know this one. I’m not a tank, am I? It tastes like alcohol. We’ll have to look somewhere else. The tanks can’t go on that. – Shall we take another shot?
– Yes, another shot. Proletarians of all countries,
unite! Let’s sing, shall we? Yes, yes. National difficulties. Yes, it doesn’t work. That’s ours! Girls, they’re ours!
Oh, my God! – Where’re you from?
– From Smolensk. From Poltava. There’re the French here,
and the Czechs. Come on, girls, come out! Don’t cry, dears, don’t cry. All right. Paris. So it’s Paris.
I see, De Gaulle. Our dear brothers,
you’ve come at last. We thought it’d never happen. Girls, girls,
mademoiselles, wait. All right, come out, Europe! Rot Front! – Ah, Spain?
– I’m Germany. – What do you mean, Germany?
– I’m a German, comrade. I’m no comrade to you.
Hitler is your comrade. We’re antifascists,
antifascists, antifascists. He’s German antifascist, understand? Well, I got it.
You can tell he’s an antifascist. Everybody who gained alive
must devote his life to the struggle with the worst enemy
of all mankind – fascism. Rot Front! Let’s ask the Red Army sergeant
to say a few words. You have to speak. – Me?
– Yes, yes. Well, I can. Comrade antifascists,
former prisoners. Go home.
Home. That’s all. Here it is. – What?
– Fuel for the tanks. Halt! Halt! MOSCOW
April 1 Good morning, Comrade Stalin. Good morning, Comrade Stalin. Are you aware
of the resent situation? By the information
we get on our fronts, we know the situation. You know nothing. Comrade Konev. Read the report of the Intelligence
Department. According to our agents’ information,
the Anglo-American Command is preparing an operation
for capturing Berlin, with the aim to take it
before the Soviet Army. The main grouping is under
command of Field Marshal Montgomery. The direction of the main blow
is planned to be north of the Ruhr, by the shortest way that separates
the main grouping of the British troops
from Berlin. The possibility of the Hitlerites
letting the Allied forces through to Berlin can not be ruled out. So, who is going to capture Berlin? We or the Allies? The Berlin operation
that we are entrusted to mount cannot be compared to anything else. At the approaches to Berlin,
we have to smash four German armies,
no less than a million soldiers. We have never before taken
such a major, strongly fortified
city as Berlin. Its area is vast, each street, alley,
house, canals, bridges – everything is a component element
of the general defense of the city. A continuous system defenses
stretches from the Oder to Berlin. The Front Command has decided to attack the enemy
with such great force so that overwhelm and
shatter him to the very foundations. We have concentrated 22,000 barrels
of artillery and mortar, 4,000 tanks
and self-propelled guns, 5,000 aircraft. You can understand yourselves
how powerful this blow may be. But in order to utterly stun
and demoralize the enemy, we propose
to launch that blow at night, two hours before dawn, under the light
of 140 anti-aircraft searchlights. May I, Comrade Marshall? Please. During the entire war,
we have never begun major offensive
operations at night. This is due to the complexity
of directing the troops. And the searchlights… The enemy artillery will
at once neutralize them. May I, comrade Marshal? Please. I believe that an attack with
searchlights won’t be very effective. The enemy will see
only our attacking troops. Who else believes so? I do. Then let’s have a break. And, please, in two hours
everybody be at the training ground. – You got everything ready?
– Everything’s ready. Good. Shall we repeat it, or everything’s
clear? My Fuhrer, I must inform you
that our counterstrikes in Pomerania and Hungary
have been beaten off by the Bolsheviks. General Dietrich’s 6th Panzer Army
failed to thrust its way to Budapest. Dietrich, you’ve surrendered Hungary, and now you’re ready to
give Austria to the enemy, too! My Fuhrer, the 6th Panzer Army… Enough, Dietrich! I’m depriving
you of all your decorations! Gunsche! Strip him of all decorations! Get out of here! Guderian, this is the result of your
strikes in Pomerania and Hungary. You need a rest, Guderian. I appoint General Krebs
the new Chief of the General Staff. Bormann, tell Himmler to send all
cowards and traitors to the gallows! Not only Germany’s fate is being
decided on the Oder, but of all Europe! My Fuhrer, congratulations.
Roosevelt is dead. The predictions of your horoscope are
coming true. Here comes our fortune! Pass on this news to everybody!
Immediately! Champagne for all! Roosevelt is dead! More light!
Give us more light! April 16 Battalion! At the enemy trenches, with fragmentation shells, sight 120, deflection 50-20 volley fire! Fire! Commander of the 1st Ukrainian Front
Marshal Konev The front’s troops have
breached the enemy defenses. Rybalko’s and Lelyushenko’s tank
armies have gained operation space. While Zhukov’s still having
difficulties. He’s still breaking through
the defenses. But couldn’t we shift Zhukov’s tanks and engage them in the breakthrough
to Berlin via your front? Comrade Stalin, it will take much
time and create confusion. Moreover, it’s not necessary. We ourselves can turn both our
tank armies onto Berlin. All right. I agree. – Put me through to Rybalko.
– Yes, Comrade Marshal. That’s why people say that the tank
generals can’t get in the turret. This must the fifth glass you’re
drinking, Pavel Semyonovich. Are you counting? I’m “Thunder”. Pavel Semyonovich,
Marshal Konev’s on the line. Yes, Comrad Marshal? What are you doing, Pavel Semyonovich? Fighting for Friedrichshain. We got new tasks. What? What?
Wait a second, Mikhail Stepanovich. Tell them to stop firing,
the won’t let us talk. Yes, Comrade Marshal. I order to turn your tank
army onto Berlin from the south. – Is it clear?
– Clear, Comrade Marshal. Push on to Berlin.
To Berlin! Yes, turn the army to Berlin! That’s a real job! Lelyushenko. Commander of the 4th Tank Army
Colonel-General Lelyushenko Yes, “Maple” is listening. Comrade General,
the Front Commander is on the line. Yes, Comrade Marshal. Yes. Yes. Yes. I got you. Yes, Comrade Marshal. Comrade General, is the vermin
who was rifle shooting from the loft. Why were you shooting, son of a bitch? How old are you? Fifteen. You got a mother? Take him home.
Let his mother give him a thrashing. Yes, Comrade General. We received the orders to turn
the arm onto Berlin. BERLIN
April 20 Gentlemen, I want to introduce to you my friend Eva Braun. She lived in seclusion
and, perhaps, in safety. But in these difficult days, she preferred to share my fate. My Fuhrer,
happy birthday! I’m happy that we all, our old
guard, are with you, as always. Thank you. My Fuhrer, congratulations from
your faithful SS troops. On that day, as usual, they’re
marching in your honor, only not on the parade-ground,
but under the enemy fire. My Fuhrer, I’m happy and proud
that at this historical moment I’m here with on in Berlin. My Fuhrer, today the Reich’s movie
theatres are screening the film that had been made before
the war for our 50th birthday. Perhaps we, too, will
mark our celebration by watching
that historical film? My Fuhrer, the Russian artillery
is firing at the Reich Chancery. My Fuhrer,
I have to be at the Aviation HQ. Goodbye, my Fuhrer,
I’ll keep in touch with you. I’m leaving to be with General Wenk
and free Berlin together with him. On April 21, the troops of the 1st
Byelorussian Front burst into Berlin Slop! We’ve been hit, Comrade Captain!
The caterpillar tread! Damn it! Such a nuisance. – How long will it take to repair?
– At least an hour. A break for lunch,
Comrade Captain. Dorozhkin, go find out about
the owners. Calm them down,
and all that stuff. Halt! Soldier greetings, father. Not verstehen, father. Put your hands down.
Calm yourself. I was just speaking to you in
your language, in German. Put your hands down, I said. Stay calm. Everything is all right. Dorozhkin, where’re you? Comrade Captain, your order has been
carried out, I calmed the owners. Yes… I can see they’re not very happy. We’re sorry, but we have
to stop at our place. Fine Russian appetizer, father. What do you think? What did he say? Shall we drink or not? Wait.
Just a minute. Forcing a water obstacle.
That’s not it, damn it. Hands up! Hello. Health. Your health! Your health. Ma’am. Actually, I don’t drink. But 100 grams for the ladies. You must. Excuse us,
we have to step out for a minute. Well, what is it? The seem to be attacking. Come on! On April 25, the 4th Tank Army,
outflanking Berlin from the south, had entered Potsdam. On the same day,
outflanking Berlin from the north, Bogdanov’s 2nd Tank Army was swiftly advancing
to link with the 4th Tank Army. Commander of the 2nd Tank Army
Colonel-General Bogdanov Stop! Stop! Why did you stop the attack? Why did you stop? – Where’s the battalion commander?
– Killed, Comrade General. I’m the battalion’s political officer,
Lieutenant Kruglikov. The Faustpatroners are firing from
behind the fence. Maybe we’ll send the infantry ahead
to drive the Faustpatroners out? Faustpatroners, Faustpatroners… Where can I get infantry for you? Listen. I shall wait. I’ll wait here until
you deliver the infantry to me. Find it wherever you want, but
get it here! Is the task clear? Are you from students, political
officer? – Where do you come from?
– From Moscow, Comrade General. I student at a technical school,
but didn’t finish it. Well, never mind. Soon you will finish it. Or maybe you want to be a general? – Comrade General, the sappers.
– Comrade General, the Polish infantry. Comrade General, a sapper platoon.
Platoon commander Sgt. Ryazhentsev. Listen, Sergeant,
and you, Lieutenant. You see that my horses have stopped.
The Faustpatroners are ahead. Shake them the devils so hard that
they’d remember us even dead. – We’ll try, Comrade General.
– Is that clear? – Yes.
– Do it Get up guys!
Forward! Forward. Guys. Believe me, it’s a real zoo. Don’t fire.
Don’t fire. The antelopes! Oh, my goodness! Just look! Why? Follow me! Where are you looking?
You’re going to wring you neck. The lions. – Shall I fire?
– Don’t fire at animals. Fire at those who has two legs. We let the lions go through us. – What do you mean, through us?
– We’ll ignore them. That’s really something! Just look at him.
An imperturbable philosopher. He’s seen it all, he knows it all. – Has lived 300 years.
– Yeah… Sergeant, come here. I’m on my way to a medical station
due to a wound. Commander of the sapper platoon
Sergeant Ryazhentsev. – And what’s this?
– Germans have wounded her. When we had beaten off
the Fritzes from the zoo, I heard someone crying. Then I spotted her running about
the bushes. She let herself be caught. Her eyes are just like a human beings. We shared my
medical kit. Please, let me take her to the medical
station, or she’ll die here. It’s a pity. All right. Tell them Marshal Konev
gave his permission. They’re said to be our progenitors. – Yes, yes.
– That’s right. End of Film Four