Chicago Tonight full episode: Sept. 11, 2019


[♪♪♪]>>GOOD EVENING AND WELCOME TO “CHICAGO TONIGHT.” ON THIS WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 11TH.>>THE PRESIDENT WAS STRAIGHTFORWARD WITH ME AND I WAS STRAIGHTFORWARD WITH HIM. I PUT IT OUT IN A LETTER AND THAT IS ALL I HAVE TO THEY ABOUT IT.>>FORMER U.S. DEFENSE SECRETARY JIM MATTIS IS IN CHICAGO TODAY AND WHAT HE SAID ABOUT HIS TIME IN THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION.>>IT’S THE BEGINNING OF A SCHOOL YEAR BUT AN AGE-OLD DEBATE RAGES ON. HOW SHOULD SCHOOLS TEACH SEX ED? THE CHICAGO FIRE ONE STEP CLOSER TO MOVING THEIR GAMES TO CHICAGO FIELD. FROM CRAIN’S. VOICES OF CHICAGOANS IMPACTED BY THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM ARE FEATURED IN A FILM SERIES.>>STARTED SHOOTING EIGHT TIMES AND ONLY HIT ME ONCE.>>GUN VIOLENCE VICTIMS BECOME SURVIVORS THROUGH TREATMENT AT THIS LOCAL REHAB HOSPITAL. A TOP COOK COUNTY OFFICIAL IS UNDER SCRUTINY FOR PATRONAGE PRACTICES OUR SPOTLIGHT TEAM WEIGHS IN.>>FRIENDS AND FANS WOULD SAY THEY WOULD NOT DO VINYL BECAUSE OF COST AND SIX-MONTH WAIT TIMES.>>WANT TO MAKE A RECORD? FOR THE FIRST TIME IN 30 YEARS VINYL DISKS ARE BEING PRESSED IN CHICAGO. AND GEOFFREY BAER ON POLISH CATHEDRAL STYLE CHURCHES THAT TOWER OVER NEIGHBORHOODS IN CHICAGO. ALL THAT AND MORE NEXT ON “CHICAGO TONIGHT.”>>THANK YOU FOR JOINING US I’M BRANDIS FRIEDMAN. THE FORMER UNITED STATES SECRETARY OF DEFENSE UNDER PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP WAS IN CHICAGO TODAY WITH SELECTIVE WORDS ABOUT HIS TIME IN OFFICE. GENERAL JIM MATTIS SPOKE BEFORE THE CHICAGO COUNCIL ON GLOBAL AFFAIRS ABOUT HIS NEW BOOK AND WAS ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT HIS BREAK WITH THE PRESIDENT AND THE CURRENT STATE OF AFFAIRS. PARIS SCHUTZ WAS THERE AND HAS THE STORY.>>THERE’S BEEN EXTRAORDINARY TURNOVER IN THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION AND SECRETARY MATTIS LEFT RATHER UNCEREMONIOUSLY AFTER TWO YEARS ON THE JOB AND ALSO A 40-YEAR MARINE VETERAN, A FOUR-STAR GENERAL AND FORMER HEAD OF U.S. CENTRAL COMMAND. THE PRESIDENT OPENLY SOURED WITH MATTIS BECAUSE OF POLICY DISAGREEMENTS. MATTIS DID NOT AGREE WITH THE PRESIDENT’S MOVE TO WITHDRAW COMBAT TROOPS FROM SYRIA. AND THAT DROVE MATTIS OUT OF THE JOB. MATTIS WAS THERE TO TALK ABOUT HIS “CALL SIGN CHAOS: LEARING TO LEAD” BOOK AND CHOSE HIS WORDS CAREFULLY ABOUT THE DEPARTURE.>>AND NOW THAT I WALKED OUT, THE PRESIDENT, SECRETARY OF STATE, SECRETARY OF DEFENSE, THEY ARE DEALING WITH SOME VERY, VERY DIFFICULT ISSUES. THEY DON’T NEED SOMEONE WHO WAS IN THERE BEFORE COMING OUTSIDE, NO LONGER RESPONSIBLE AND CRITIQUING WHAT IS GOING ON. YOU HAVE RIGHT NOW OVER A ONE MILLION TROOPS AND TENS OF THOUSANDS ARE DEPLOYED OVERSEAS. WHAT WOULD THEY BE THINKING IF THE FORMER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE WAS COMING OUT MAKING POLITICAL ASSESSMENTS RIGHT NOW?>>MATTIS NOT GOING TO WEIGH-IN ON POLITICS BUT YOU DID GET A SENSE OF DISAGREEMENTS HE HAD WITH THE PRESIDENT SPECIFICALLY ON THE ROLE OF U.S. ALLIES. THE PRESIDENT HAS TAKEN A HARSH STANCE TOWARD NATO SAYING THAT HE BELIEVES THAT THEY SHOULD PAY MORE MEMBER COUNTRIES SHOULD PAY FOR ON THE DEFENSE. AND TAKES A HARSH STANCE ON WESTERN DEMOCRACIES AND MATTIS SAYS ALLIANCES ALL ARE PARAMOUNT TO THE SUCCESS AND SAFETY OF THIS COUNTRY.>>NATO HA BEEN ESTABLISHED TO DEFEND WESTERN EUROPE AGAINST SOVIET GROUP OF ARMIES. FIRST TIME IT GOES TO WAR IS WHEN THE AMERICANS ARE ATTACKED AND BLOODIED. AND THERE IS A REMINDER FOR ALL OF US IN THIS ROOM HOW CRITICAL NATO IS. HOW MANY ALLIES DID RUSSIA HAVE? TREATY ALLIES? ONE. BELARUS. I THINK THAT IS THE ONLY ONE. HOW ABOUT CHINA? HOW MANY TREATY ALLIES? NORTHNORTH KOREA. HOW WOULD YOU LIKE TO HAVE THAT FOR AN ALLY? AND YOU LOOK AT US AND VALUES THAT WE SHARE SOMETIMES WE DON’T SHARE ALL THE VALUES WE SHARE SECURITY VALUES WITH SOME. BUT THEY ARE ALLIES, PARTNERS, I MEAN WHO ELSE COULD HAVE GONE INTO AFGHANISTAN AND HAD 49 ALLIES JOIN US? THAT’S BECAUSE OF WHAT WE STAND FOR AS AMERICANS.>>HE DID OPEN UP ABOUT SOME OF THE CRITICISMS OF THE PREVIOUS ADMINISTRATION THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION. SAID HE DID NOT TRUST THE IRANIAN REGIME HE DID NOT FAVOR THE NUCLEAR DEAL STRUCK WITH THE U.S. AND OTHER WESTERN COUNTRIES WITH IRAN. BUT HE ACKNOWLEDGED WHEN HE CAME BACK AS SECRETARY OF DEFENSE HE CHANGED HIS TUNE ON THAT DEAL AND WAS NOT IN FAVOR OF THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION MOVE TO PULL OUT OF IT.>>ACCORDING TO OUR INTELLIGENCE AGENCIES THEY WERE LIVING UP TO THE AGREEMENT. IT WAS WORKING. FOR WHATEVER CRITICISM I MAY HAVE HAD ABOUT THE AGREEMENT, IT WAS STILL FUNCTIONING SUFFICIENTLY. NOW, SHOULD WE STILL HAVE GOTTEN THE ALLIES TOGETHER AND SAID THE SUNDOWN PROVISION IS TOO SOON? WE NEED TO TIGHTEN UP ON THE INSPECTION REGIME AND THE U.N. HAS TO BE GIVEN IMMEDIATE ACCESS TO ANY PLACE THAT OUR SPIES OR SATELLITES PICK UP A CONCERN ABOUT? OF COURSE WE COULD HAVE DONE THAT.>>DID HE WEIGH-IN ON POLITICAL OR ISSUES OF THE DAY?>>THERE ARE A LOT. HE WAS ASKED ABOUT THE DEPARTURE OF JOHN BOLTON. AND’S SAID HE DID NOT KNOW ANYMORE THAN HE READ IN THE NEWS. AND ASKED ABOUT THE BIGGEST THREATS AND THREE ARE EXTERNAL AND ARE CONCERNED ABOUT THE INTERNAL DELETES LIKE THE GIANT POLITICAL DIVISIONS IN THE COUNTRY AND RAPIDLY BALLOONING FEDERAL DEBT.>>IT WORRIES ME GREATLY BECAUSE NO NATION IN HISTORY HAS KEPT ITS FREEDOM AND LIBERTY IF IT DIDN’T KEEP ITS FISCAL HOUSE IN ORDER. WE ARE ON AN UNSUSTAINABLE FISCAL PATH RIGHT NOW AND YOU YOUNG PEOPLE OUGHT TO BE MADDER THAN HECK ABOUT IT. IT IS AN URGENT THREAT IN TERMS OF RAW POWER OF A DECLINING NATION, THAT IS DECLINING. BUT HAS NUCLEAR WEAPONS IT WOULD BE RUSSIA WHERE THE TALK ABOUT USING NUCLEAR WEAPONS VERY CAVALIER TALK. WE’VE HEARD IN TERMS OF WILL, IT WOULD BE CHINA.>>MATTIS WAS INTERVIEWED BY THE CHICAGO COUNCIL ON GLOBAL AFFAIRS AND THE HEAD OF THAT, THERE WAS A LUNCHEON BEFORE THAT WITH SOME COUNCILMEMBERS THAT WAS OFF THE RECORD MATTIS OPENED UP A LITTLE MORE ABOUT THE FEELINGS OF GEOPOLITICAL AFFAIRS AND HIS DESIRE TO WORK COOPERATIVELY WITH U.S. ALLIES AND U.S. ALLIANCES.>>PARIS, THANK YOU.>>ILLINOIS’ SUPREME COURT WILL GET A NEW CHIEF JUSTICE STARTING NEXT MONTH AND SHE HAS A FAMILIAR LAST NAME TO THOSE WHO FOLLOW POLITICS AND THE HAPPENINGS IN CITY COUNCIL. AMANDA VINICKY HAS THAT STORY.>>THAT CHIEF JUSTICE ANN BURKE WHO HUSBAND ED BURKE IS FIGHTING FEDERAL CORRUPTION CHARGES. SHE HAS BEEN ON THE HIGH COURT AND SERVE AS CHIEF THROUGH FALL 2022. IN A STATEMENT SHE SAYS SHE IS HUMBLED AND HONORED HER FELLOW JUSTICES CHOSE HER FOR THAT ROLE. AND THAT SHE WILL DO HER BEST TO LIVE UP TO THE HIGH STANDARDS OF THOSE WHO PRECEDED HER.>>>A JUDGE MAY RULE NEXT WEEK ON A MOTION BY LOCAL ORGANIZATIONS SEEKING TO PREVENT THE CITY FROM DIVERTING PROPERTY TAX MONEY TO THE LINCOLN YARDS DEVELOPMENT. THE COUNCIL IN APRIL APPROVED SUBSIDYDIES WORTH $1.3 BILLION VIA TAX INCREMENT FINANCING. LAWYERS FOR LOCAL ORGANIZATIONS WANT BROADER CHANGES TO THE TIF SYSTEM.>>WE ASK THE CITY TO REFORM A TIF SYSTEM THAT HAS BEEN UNLAWFUL, UNFAIR AND RACIALLY DISCRIMINATORY IN ITS IMPACT.>>STERLING BAY IS SET TO BUILD THE MEGA PROJECT ON THE FORMER FINKLE STEEL SITE.>>REPEATED EXPOSURE TO TRAUMA LIKE THAT EXPERIENCED BY MANY CHICAGO PUBLIC SCHOOL STUDENTS HAS WIDE RANGING EFFECTS INCLUDING IN THE CLASSROOM, THAT WAS THE MESSAGE FROM JANICE JACKSON IN WASHINGTON D.C.>>FOR THESE CHILDREN-AND-A-HALF DATING VIOLENCE AND POVERTY IS A WAY OF LIFE. THIS CAN MEAN THEY ARE EXPOSED TO GUN VIOLENCE, GANG ACTIVITY, SUBSTANCE ABUSE, INCARCERATION OF A LOVED ONE AND LOSS OF LOVED ONE. AND BECAUSE OF THEY ARE MAIER MORE LIKELY THAN THEIR PEERS TO EXPERIENCE MORE TRAUMA DURING THE YEARS.>>THEY WANT TO MANAGE TRAUMA BY TEACHING SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL LEARNING AND READING AND MATH AND STUDENTS EARNED A STIPEN FOR PAPERING IN THERAPY AND MENTORING SESSIONS. MORE ON THIS STORY ON OUR WEBSITE.>>CHICAGO IS TAKING PAINS TO MITIGATE THE POTENTIAL HAZARDS LAKE MICHIGAN’S NEAR RECORD HIGH WATER LEVELS MAY CAUSE. WORKERS ARE INSTALLING JERSEY BARRIERS AT LOCATIONS THE CITY DEEMS VULNERABLE TO FLOODING. THE CHICAGO PARK DISTRICT BEGAN USING NEW TECHNOLOGY LIKE DRONE FOOTAGE TO ASSESS DAMAGE TO THE LAKE FRONT CAUSED BY FLOOD EROSION.>>AS FOR THE WEATHER, MORE RAIN IS POSSIBLE 50% CHANCE TONIGHT AND OTHERWISE CLOUDY WITH A LOW AROUND 69. TOMORROW MORE RAIN IS POSSIBLE IN THE AFTERNOON AND THE REST OF THE DAY PARTLY SUNNY AND HUMID. A HIGH NEAR 87. BRANDIS BACK TO YOU.>>AMANDA, THANK YOU.>>AND YOU CAN GET “CHICAGO TONIGHT” STREAMED ON Facebook, YouTube AND WTTW.COM/NEWS. ANDS YOU CAN ALSO GET THE SHOW VIA PODCAST AND THE PBS VIDEO APP.>>NOW, TO CAROL MARIN AND THE DEBATE OVER SEX ED IN THE CLASSROOM. CAROL?>>THANK YOU, BRANDIS.>>THE ILLINOIS BOARD OF EDUCATION RECENTLY RENEWED A FEDERAL GRANT THAT BANK ROLLS ABSTINENCE-BASED SEX ED PROGRAMS IN THE SCHOOLS IN THE STATE U UNDER THE STATE LAW THESE SCHOOLS AND EACH SCHOOL THAT CHOOSES WILL HAVE TO INCLUDE A CURRICULUM ON CONTRACEPTIVES LIKE CONDOMS OR MEANS OF BIRTH CONTROL AS WELL AS ABSTINENCE. BUT IN THIS APPROACH TO SEX EDUCATION, IS IT BACKED UP BY RESULTS? IF SO WHAT ARE THEY? HERE TO WEIGH-IN OR BRITTANY MERRITT, SHE IS EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF THE CHICAGO OFFICE OF PEER HEALTH EXCHANGE WHICH ORGANIZES HEALTH EDUCATION PROGRAMS INCLUDING UNITS ON CONTRACEPTION. AND TORI LIBBY OF THE TEEN DECISION ORGANIZATION A NONPROFIT WHOSE CURRICULUM EMPHASIZES ABSTINENCE-BASED EDUCATION. WELCOME ALL OF YOU TO “CHICAGO TONIGHT.” HELP ME UNDERSTAND, IF YOU WILL, AND TORI LIBBY LET’S START WITH YOU, IS IT YOUR OVER ARCHING MESSAGE TO KIDS DO NOT HAVE SEX BEFORE MARRIAGE?>>THAT IS A COMPONENT OF WHAT WE DO. WE FOCUS MORE ON HEALTHY DATING. AND WE REALIZE THAT ABSTINENCE TO MARRIAGE WITH IMPROVE OUT COMES FROM DATING. WE SEDATING ABUSE AND THOSE RISKS THAT KIDS FACE WHEN YOU CONSIDER ABSTINENCE HAS ONE COMPONENT OF SOMETHING THAT COULD HELP TEENS MAKE BETTER CHOICES AND HELP THEM AVOID THE CONSEQUENCES THEY COULD EXPERIENCE.>>BRITNEY IS YOUR MESSAGE THERE IS A HIGH LOOKLY HOOD THAT SOME KIDS ARE GOING TO HAVE SEX AND IF THEY ARE THEY NEED TO BE FULLY ARMED WITH CONTRACEPTIVE POSSIBILITIES?>>ABSOLUTELY. OUR MISSION IS TO EMPOWER YOUNG PEOPLE WITH SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGE THAT THEY NEED PROVIDING THEM WITH THE TOOLS AND RESOURCES THEY ARE ABLE TO YOU HAD HOW THEIR IDENTITY IMPACTS THEIR HEALTH DECISION MAKING. WE WANT TO PROVIDE THEM WITH ALL THE RESOURCES THEY NEED TO MAKE THOSE ACTIVE DECISIONS.>>IS IT THE CASE THAT THE TWO OF YOU ARE COMPLIMENTING EACH OTHER? OR YOU COME FROM VERY DIFFERENT POINTS OF VIEW?>>I WOULD SAY THAT WE PROBABLY SHARE THE SAME CONCERNS. AND THE SAME DATA THE STATISTICS THAT WE LOOK AT ARE THE SAME. WE ARE LOOKING AT CDC DATA AND CONCERNED ABOUT TEEN PREGNANCY, STD’S AND THE CDC SAYS THERE IS AN EPIDEMIC. AND CDC COME OUT ALL THE TIME EVERY YEAR SAYING NEW HIGHS. IT IS THE’S THE APPROACH ON WHAT THE ANSWER IS WOULD BE DIFFERENT. WE FEEL THAT HELPING TEENS LEARN HOW TO HAVE HEALTHY RELATIONSHIPS WITHOUT SEX CAN HELP THEM TO KEEP THEIR EYES OPEN. SO THAT THEY DON’T END UP IN ABUSIVE RELATIONSHIPS OR GETTING PREGNANT OR GETTING AN STD.>>BRITNEY DO YOU SEE THE TWO OF YOU AS AGREEING ON THE DATA?>>NO, I DON’T THINK THAT WE AGREE ON THE DATA. BECAUSE WE ARE AN EVIDENCE-INFORMED PROGRAM WE HAVE RESULTS AND OUT COMES THAT SHOW THAT YOUNG PEOPLE ARE HAVING BETTER HEALTH OUT COMES. OUR GOAL IS TO REDUCE UNWANTED PREGNANCY INCREASE THE RATE WHICH YOUNG PEOPLE ARE ACCESSING MENTAL HEALTH RESOURCES AND REDUCE SUBSTANCE MISUSE. WE ARE NOT JUST TEACHING ABOUT SEXUAL HEALTH BUT TOUCHING ON MENTAL HEALTH AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE.>>OUR APPROACH IS DIFFERENT. WE ARE TRYING TO PROVIDE YOUNG PEOPLE WITH ALL THE RESOURCES AND IT’S MISLEADING TO PROVIDE ABSTINENCE-ONLY EDUCATION TO YOUNG PEOPLE PARTICULARLY WHEN IT INVALIDATES MARGINALIZED COMMUNITIES.>>HOW DOES IT INVALIDATE MARGINALIZES COMMUNITIES.>>WE WORK IN BLACK, LATINO, AND LGBTQ YOUTH. IT INVALIDATES THE EXPERIENCES OF THOSE MARGINALIZED IDENTITIES.>>BECAUSE THEY HAVE HAD SEXUAL CONTACT OR SEEK SEX YAM CONTACT.>>ALL YOUNG PEOPLE YOUNG PEOPLE ARE GOING TO ENGAGE IN RISKY BEHAVIOR SO HOW ARE WE GOING TO PROVIDE THEM WITH THE APPROPRIATE TOOLS SO THEY CAN MAKE AN INFORMED DECISION.>>IN THIS SEX-DRENCHED CULTURE HOW DOES ONE SAY TO A TEEN, NO SEX AND THEN IT’S HEALTHY NO SEX?>>WELL, INTERESTING DATA AND THIS IS TAKEN FROM THE YOUTH RISK BEHAVIOR SURVEY WHAT YOUR WEBSITE REFERS TO, WE HAVE DATA GOING BACK TO THE EASTERLY 1990s. 4,000 YOUNG PEOPLE HAVE AND SURVEYED EVERY OTHER YEAR. IF YOU COULD LOOK ON A CHART. THE% OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS WHO HAD SEX DECREASED DRAMATICALLY SINCE THE EARLY 1990s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’S STILL A BIG ISSUE. THE DECREASE IS EXCITING ESPECIALLY BECAUSE WE ARE SEEING THAT DECREASE PARTICULARLY IN MINORITY COMMUNITIES. AND WE’VE SEEN THE GREATEST IMPROVEMENT THERE. AND I WANT TO TOUCH ON ABSTINENCE-ONLY AND THAT IS AN OLD PHRASE AND I LOVE AN OPPORTUNITY TO DISSUADE PEOPLE FROM THINKING ALL WE DO IS TALK ABOUT ABSTINENCE. WE TALK ABOUT HEALTHY RELATIONSHIPS AND HOW TO GET TO KNOW SOMEONE.>>ROOTED IN ABSTINENCE. HEALTHY RELATIONSHIPS ARE AN AN CITIZENNENT RELATIONSHIP, CORRECT?>>IT IS. HEALTHIER, PHYSICALLY, SEXUALLY, MENTALLY. ALL ELSE BEING EQUAL, YES. IF A STUDENT CHOOSES TO BE AN CITIZENNENT. THE CDC — AN CITIZENNENT AN CITYNENT.>>THAT IS WHERE WE CAN AGREE. HOWEVER IF A YOUNG PERSON DECIDES TO ENGAGE NOT SHAMING HOW DO YOU EQUIP THEM TO HELP MAKE A HEALTHY DECISION.>>IT IS NOT YOUR MOTHER’S SEX EDUCATION ANYMORE, IN THE LGBTQ POPULATION, THERE IS A WHOLE OTHER KIND OF CONVERSATION, HOLISTICALLY, ISN’T THERE ABOUT DIFFERENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT WEREN’T TAUGHT IN SCHOOL WHEN I WAS IN SCHOOL. HOW DOES THAT CHANGE THE DYNAMIC IN THESE CLASSROOMS?>>FOR US, IDENTITY IS A CORE CONCEPT OF OUR CURRICULUM. FOR SOME OF OUR YOUNG PEOPLE THIS IS THE FIRST TIME THEY MAYBE UNPACKING THEIR IDENTITY AND UNDERSTAND HOW DOES THEIR IDENTITY IMPACT THEIR HEALTH DECISION MAKING. THAT IS INTEGRAL FOR OUR CURRICULUM MAKING SURE THAT YOUNG PEOPLE UNDERSTAND THAT.>>FOR YOU IN YOUR ORGANIZATION HOW DOES IT IMPACT?>>HOWEVER A TEEN IDENTIFIES THE MESSAGE IS THE SAME. WE DON’T DISCRIMINATE AGAINST ANYONE WE ARE GIVING THEM INFORMATION THAT IMPACTS ALL OF THEM. THE LGBTQ IS MORE IMPACTED BY STD’S. AND SO WE REALLY CARE ABOUT REACHING THEM AS WELL. AND THEY ARE ALL IN THE CLASSROOM. WE LOVE ALL OUR STUDENTS EQUALLY AND WE WANT TO GIVE THEM THE SAFEST HEALTHIEST MESSAGE WE CAN. I WANTED TO TOUCH ON SOMETHING THAT YOU MENTIONED ABOUT SHAME. THERE IS NO SHAME IN THIS KIND OF EDUCATION. I HAVE BEEN DOING THIS FOR 20 YEARS AND I’VE NEVER SEEN ANYONE SHAMED. WE TALK TO MANY KIDS KNOWING THEY ARE SEXUALLY ACTIVE. THERE’S NO TALK ABOUT VIRGINITY. SOME OF THE THINGS THAT I SEE AS STEREOTYPES.>>I GATHER THERE IS A DISAGREEMENT.>>WE DISAGREE. WHEN WE ARE PROMOTING ABSTINENCE ONLY IT’S REENFORCING NEGATIVE STEREOTYPES AND PERPETUATES INEQUITIES. WE DON’T WANT TO SHAME YOUNG PEOPLE FROM ENGAGING IN THE BEHAVIORS. HOW DO WE EQUIP THEM TO DO IN THE IN A SAFE MANNER.>>TURN TO YouTube, I CAN GET A WIDE SWATH OF SEX EDUCATION. IN SOME WAYS, IS THIS NOW PASSE WHAT YOU ARE DOING?>>NO.>>NO.>>WHAT IS THE CURRENT YOUR GENNESEE AND THE — USUAL SI WHAT IS URGENCY?>>WE TALK ABOUT IN OUR CURRICULUM IS ABOUT CONSENT IN THIS CLIMATE IT’S IMPORTANT TO MAKE SURE THAT YOUNG PEOPLE UNDERSTAND HOW TO DEFINE CONSENT. INSURING YOU HAVE YES AT EVERY STEP OF SEXUAL ACTIVITY AND TEACHING THEM THAT FUNDAMENTAL EARLY ON BECAUSE IT WILL IMPACT THEM IN ADULTHOOD.>>AND THAT IS ANOTHER DIFFERENCE, ISN’T IT FROM THE OLD DAYS?>>EVERYTHING WE DO IN A WAY HAS TO DO WITH CONSENT. ONE OF THE FOCUSES OF OUR PROGRAM IS THAT TEENS NEED TO UNDERSTAND THAT THEY CAN SET THE BOUNDARIES AND THIS IS UP TO THEM. WE ARE NOT PRESCRIPTIVE AND WE ARE NOT TELLING THEM WHAT TO DO. WE ARE GIVING THEM INFORMATION. WITH REGARD TO CONDOM USE, THE TWO TOP VIRAL STD’S CAN BE CAUGHT WHEN WEARING A CONDOM.>>WE ARE GOING TO LEAVE IT HERE. BRITTANY MERRITT AND TORI LIBBY THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR BEING WITH US ON “CHICAGO TONIGHT.” MUCH MORE AHEAD. STAY WITH US.>>STILL TO COME ON “CHICAGO TONIGHT”, WE LEARN ABOUT A I A NEW SHORT FILM SERIES FEATURING VOICES OF CHICAGOANS TOUCHED BY THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM.>>SURVIVORS OF GUN VIOLENCE LEARN LIFELONG LESSONS FROM A CHICAGO REHABILITATION HOSPITAL.>>>OUR SPOTLIGHT POLITICS TEAM DELVES INTO A ILLINOIS SUPREME COURT JUSTICE’S PROMOTION.>>>VINYL RECORDS ARE MAKING A COMEBACK BUT FOR DECADES THERE HAS NOT BEEN A RECORD PRESSING PLANT IN CHICAGO. AND NOW THERE IS ONE. AND GEOFFREY BAER TAKES US INSIDE CHICAGO’S POLISH CATHEDRAL STYLE CHURCHES IN “ASK GEOFFREY”.>>HERE IS DANNY ECKER.>>AFTER A LENGTHY POLITICAL CAREER FORMER ILLINOIS ATTORNEY GENERAL LISA MADIGAN LANDED A HIGH PROFILE PRIVATE SECTOR GIG SHE WILL BE A PARTNER IN THE LITIGATION PRACTICE AT KIRKLAND & ELLIS THE COUNTRY’S LARGEST LAW FIRM. MADIGAN DID NOT SEEK REELECTION AFTER FOUR TERMS AS THE STATE’S ATTORNEY GENERAL. CITY ZONING OFFICIALS HAVE TAKEN A STEP THAT COULD ALLOW SOME OF THE DEVELOPMENT FRENZY IN THE FULTON MARKET DISTRICT PUSH FURTHER INTO THE WEST SIDE. ALDERMEN GAVE APPROVAL TO OPEN UP THE KINSIE INDUSTRIAL CORRIDOR. THE AREA HAS BEEN RESERVED FOR INDUSTRIAL BUSINESSES BUT IT POISED TO ACCEPT OFFICES RETAILORS AND RESTAURANTS. THAT COULD GIVE DEVELOPERS OPPORTUNITIES TO CASH IN ON THE SKYROCKETING PROPERTY VALUES. AND THE CHICAGO FIRE ARE A STEP CLOSER TO MOVING THEIR GAMES BACK TO SOLDIER FIELD. THE PARK DISTRICT VOTED TO LET THE LEADERSHIP FINALIZE THE LEASE TO PLAY STARTING NEXT SEASON. THE FIRE PLAYED THERE UNTIL 2006 BUT HAVE BEEN EYEING A MOVE BACK TO THE CITY. THEY AGREED TO PAY $65 MILLION TO THE VILLAGE TO BUYOUT THE REMAINDER OF THE 30-YEAR LEASE. FOR CRAIN’S CHICAGO BUSINESS AND CHICAGOBUSINESS.COM. BACK TO YOU.>>A NEW SERIES OF SHORT FILMS BY THE MARSHALL PROJECT EXPLORES THE IMPACT OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM ON CHICAGOANS. IT’S CALLED WE ARE WITNESSES AND SHOWS THE NATURE OF CRIME, PUNISHMENT AND FORGIVENESS THROUGH THE VOICES OF CITY RESIDENTS WHO HAVE BEEN IMPACTED. HERE TO TELL US MORE ABOUT WE ARE WITNESSES ARE CAROL BOGART, PRESIDENT OF THE MARSHALL PROJECT, KERRY STEINER A FORMER CHICAGO POLICE OFFICER AND NOW A PUBLIC SERVICE CLINICAL CAROL LET’S START WITH YOU, WHAT IS WE ARE WITNESSES AND WHY CHICAGO?>>WE ARE WITNESSES IS A SERIES OF SHORT FILMS IN WHICH PEOPLE WHO HAD REAL EXPERIENCE IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM SPEAK DIRECTLY TO THE CAMERA IN AN INTIMATE WAY THEY ARE SHORT FILMS, THREE-FOUR MINUTES EACH ABOUT WHAT THEIR EXPERIENCE HAS BEEN. AND PEOPLE WHO HAVE ALL DIFFERENT KINDS OF EXPERIENCES IT’S APOLITICAL. IT’S WE WERE TRYING TO MAKE AN EFFORT TO BE BALANCED AND TO SHOW JUST THE RANGE OF PEOPLE WHO ARE IMPACTED BY THE SYSTEM. AND THE AMOUNT OF DAMAGE THAT IT DOES. I THINK CHICAGO IS A CITY WHERE WE NEED TO HAVE A BETTER CONVERSATION ABOUT CRIMINAL JUSTICE WHICH WE CAN HEAR AND LISTEN TO EACH OTHER AND HEAR WHAT HAVE PEOPLE’S EXPERIENCES BEEN. MANY, MANY PEOPLE SUFFERED IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM FROM ALL DIFFERENT DIRECTIONS.>>AND YOU’VE DONE THIS SAME PROJECT IN NEW YORK CITY AS WELL?>>WE HAVE. AND WE FOUND IT WAS A SIMILAR THING. PEOPLE ARE THEY WOULD SAY GOSH I NEVER THOUGHT ABOUT THE PERSPECTIVE OF A PRISON GUARD OR I HAD NOT THOUGHT HOW I A VICTIM MIGHT FEEL ABOUT THAT.>>PEOPLE ARE EMBEDDED IN THEIR OWN NARRATIVES AND NOT LISTENING. WE ARE HOPING PEOPLE WILL LISTEN TO THE EXPERIENCES THAT SO MANY CHICAGOANS HAVE.>>ONE IS THAT OF EXAVIER, AND WE HAVE A CLIP OF YOUR SHORT FILM THAT WE’LL LISTEN TO RIGHT NOW.>>13 I WAS BEING CHARGED WITH MURDER. YOU KNOW, THIS NIGHT, I SAW AN INDIVIDUAL TURNING AROUND THE CORNER. AND THIS INDIVIDUAL IS PEDRO MARTINEZ HE WAS 14 AND I WAS 13 AT THE TIME AND I REMEMBER WHEN HE TURNED THE CORNER MY THOUGHT WAS HE IS A RIVAL GANG MEMBER. SO I ALERTED MY FELLOW GANG MEMBERS WATCH OUT FOR THAT GUY. AND I WISH I CAN GO BACK TO 51ST AND STOP AND SAY GO THAT WAY DON’T COME THIS WAY. HE WAS KILLED. AND I WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR THAT.>>EXAVIER TELL US HOW THAT PERSONAL EXPERIENCE INFLUENCES THE WORK THAT YOU DO TODAY?>>I OFTEN SAY THAT PEDRO IS THE REASON IS I DO THE WORK TODAY AND THAT 13-YEAR-OLD EXAVIER, IT’S NOT LOST ON ME THAT MANY OF US IN MY COMMUNITY ON THE SOUTH SIDE OF CHICAGO AND BACK IN THE YARDS WE CONTINUE WITH A LOT OF CHILDREN. MANY KIDS ARE GOING THROUGH IT TODAY. THE REALITY OF TRAUMA, AND VIOLENCE, THE REALITY OF POVERTY LACK OF RESOURCES AND SUPPORT. AND FOR SOME OF US UNFORTUNATELY HAVING TO GROW UP IN NEGATIVE NON-NURTURING HOMES. AND IT MANIFESTED TO THIS DAY AND FOR OTHERS IN DEVASTATING WAY. IT INFLUENCES MY WORK TODAY IN THE SENSE THAT I REALIZE THAT IT’S STILL HAPPENING AND THERE ARE MANY KIDS WHOSE LIVES FUTURES ARE BEING THWARTED IN SO MANY WAYS. AND IT DEPENDS UPON ME AS A RESPONSIBILITY AND TO HELP PEOPLE REMEMBER PEDRO IS A MEANINGFUL WAY. IN THE SENSE AS MUCH AS WE TALK ABOUT VIOLENCE AND CRIME AND PUNISHMENT ULTIMATELY IT’S HUMAN SUFFERING AND MANY PEOPLE HIS FAMILY ARE STILL HURTING BECAUSE OF THAT.>>AND PART OF YOUR WORK IS ABOUT THE SENTENCING OF YOUTH. AND YOU’VE TALKED ABOUT YOUR SENTENCE YOU SERVED 13 YEARS, AND YOU’VE TALKED ABOUT IT COULD HAVE BEEN WORSE.>>I WAS FORTUNATE I HAD ADVOCATES, PARTICULARLY MY PUBLIC DEFENDER WHO BELIEVED IN ME. AT THE TIME SHE WAS THREE YEARS INTO HER PROFESSION AND SHE MENTIONED I REMIND HER OF HER SON. AND AS A FATHER TODAY I CAN ONLY IMAGINE HOW SHE FELT AND THE FACT ALTHOUGH I WAS BEING TRIED AS AN ADULT. AND THE JUDGE REFER FER REFERRED TO ME AS SIR I WAS A CHILD. AND MANY KIDS THEY ARE [INAUDIBLE] WHEN I THINK THAT WE NEED TO BE MINDFUL AND RECOGNIZE THE VULNERABILITY AND THE POTENTIAL FOR CHANGE. SADLY WHEN KIDS MAKE MISTAKES AS A SOCIETY WE THROW THAT OUT THE WINDOW AND THAT IS WHERE WE NEED TO REFOCUS OUR ENERGIES HOW DO WE CREATE A SPACE WHERE KIDS CAN GROW INTO WHO THEY ARE MEANT TO BE.>>YOU PIVOTED FROM BEING A CHICAGO POLICE OFFICER TODAY YOU ARE A CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST. WHAT SPARKED THAT CHANGE FOR YOU?>>I SAW SO MANY OFFICERS AT THE START OF MY CAREER CHANGE SO MUCH INCLUDING MYSELF. AND I SAW SO MANY TRAUMATIC INCIDENTS. IN FACT THE AVERAGE OFFICER WILL SEE 188 CRITICAL INCIDENTS IN THEIR CAREER AND MOST CIVILIANS SEE ONE TO SIX IN THEIR LIFE. AND I REALIZED AS I WAS WORKING TOWARDS MY DOCTORATE BECAUSE I THOUGHT IT WAS A SECOND JOB FOR ME I WAS LEARNING ABOUT TRAUMA AND UNDERSTOOD HOW MUCH TRAUMA AFFECTS US. AND REALIZED THAT OFFICERS ARE ALSO VICTIMS. AND THAT WE’RE SEEING SO MUCH TRAUMA AND THAT IS IMPACTING US. AND I’VE HAD SEVERAL INCIDENTS MYSELF THAT I’VE WATCHED OTHER OFFICERS HAVE TO WITNESS OR GO THROUGH THAT IMPACTED THEM AND CHANGED THEM.>>CAROL, WHAT DO YOU HOPE PEOPLE WILL TAKE AWAY FROM THIS SERIES OF FILMS?>>WE’RE JOURNALISTS. IT IS A NONPROFIT MEDIA ORGANIZATION AND WHAT WE TRY TO DO IS TO PRESENT A BALANCED AND FAIRVIEW OF A SITUATION. WE ARE HOPING THAT PEOPLE EVERYBODY IN CHICAGO SHOULD FIND SOMEBODY IN THIS SERIES CALLED WE ARE WITNESSES WHO LOOKS LIKE THEM AND THINKS LIKE THEM AND SOMEBODY IN THIS SERIES WHO DOESN’T LOOK LIKE THEM AND DOESN’T THINK LIKE THEM. IF EVERYBODY CAN SPEND A LITTLE TIME LISTENING TO ALL THOSE DIFFERENT VOICES, I’M HOPING WE CAN HAVE A BETTER CONVERSATION HOW TO IMPROVE THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM IN THIS CITY.>>EXAVIER, YOU TALKED ABOUT HOW YOUNG PEOPLE ARE TREATED ONCE THEY HAVE BEEN INCARCERATED AND WHEN THEY RETURN TO THEIR COMMUNITIES. WHAT SUPPORT IS THERE OR NOT THERE FOR THEM?>>I THINK DEPENDS ON THE COMMUNITY. LIKE ACROSS THE BOARD THAT OFTENTIMES THE SCARLETTTER LETTER IS HARD TO OVERCOME. I KNOW INDIVIDUALS NOW BEING RELEASED DECADES LATER WHO ARE REFORMED IN HEART AND SPIRIT AND REALLY WANT TO COME OUT AND START ANEW BUT SADLY BECAUSE OF THE BACKGROUND, BECAUSE OF THE FACT THAT THEY ARE BEING JUDGED BASED ON THE WORST THING THEY HAD EVER DONE DENIED THAT OPPORTUNITY. THAT IS WHERE MY FIGHT TAKES ME TO MAKE SURE THAT FOLKS HAVE A CHANCE AT RELEASE AND THEY CAN START THEIR LIVES AND NOT HAVE TO BE LIVING IN THE NIGHTMARE OF NEVER BEING ABLE TO BE FORGIVEN AND GIVEN A SECOND CHANCE.>>AND KERRY WE HAVE A QUICK CLIP OF YOUR STORY AS WELL.>>I STARTED TO SEE MORE AND MORE TRAUMAS HAPPEN IN MORE OFFICERS DOING THINGS THAT WEREN’T NORMAL AND THAT WEREN’T RIGHT. AND I SAW THAT IN MYSELF.>>KERRY CAN YOU TELL US MORE ABOUT CUMULATIVE TRAUMA?>>WELL, THE MORE TRAUMA THAT YOU EXPERIENCE, IT JUST PILES ON ONE AFTER THE OTHER. AND MAYBE ONE INCIDENT DIDN’T BOTHER YOU MUCH BUT THE SECOND OR THE FIFTH OR THE 28TH OR THE 104TH DOES IMPACT YOU. A LOT OF PEOPLE ASK OFFICERS WELL, WHY IS THIS INCIDENT BOTHERING YOU? OR HOW COME EVERYBODY ELSE WAS FINE BUT YOU’RE NOT? AND WHAT WE HAVE TO UNDERSTAND THERE ARE EVENT FACTORS AND POST EVENT FACTORS THAT IMPACT HOW SOMEBODY PROCESSES TRAUMA AND THE SUPPORTS THEY HAVE IN PLACE. AND THAT INCLUDES THE POLICE DEPARTMENT. AND I THINK THAT IF WE DON’T ACKNOWLEDGE THAT TRAUMA IS HAPPENING TO FIRST RESPONDERS AND THAT YOU ARE NOT GIVING THEM ANY TREATMENT THERE’S NO WAY FOR THE COMMUNITY TO HEAL ITSELF AND TO WORK TOGETHER. WE HAVE TO GIVE TREATMENT TO FIRST RESPONDERS AS WELL.>>AND I THANK YOU FOR JOINING US.>>WE ARE WITNESSES CHICAGO WILL PREMIER TOMORROW AT THE HAROLD WASHINGTON LIBRARY. CAN YOU VISIT OUR WEBSITE FOR INFORMATION ABOUT THE EVENT.>>>THE CHICAGO POLICE DEPARTMENT SAYS SHOOTINGS IN THE CITY WERE DOWN BY 19% LAST MONTH COMPARED TO AUGUST 2018. BUT THAT MEANS THERE WERE MORE THAN 200 PEOPLE SHOT DURING THAT STRETCH OF SUMMER AND MANY LIVE WITH PHYSICAL INJURIES THAT WILL LAST FOREVER AS WELL AS THE TRAUMA. WE VISITED ONE OF THE REHABILITATION HOSPITALS THAT TREATS MANY OF THOSE SURVIVORS AND HELPS THEM YOU HAD THEIR NEW REALITY.>>REMEMBER THE FIRST DAY?>>FOR 21 I DON’T KNOW JONATHAN ANNICKS TODAY IS NOTHING LIKE THE FIRST DAY IN THIS ROOM.>>I SPENT A LOT OF TIME HERE. THIS IS WHERE I LEARNED HOW TO WALK AGAIN.>>IT WAS APRIL 20 SEEN WHEN A BULLET PIERCED HIS SHOULDER WEEKS BEFORE HIS SENIOR PROM AND GRADUATION.>>FROM THE CHEST DOWN I HAVE NO FEELING. I HAVE SOME CONTROL OF MY UPPER ABS BUT I HAVE NO CONTROL OF ANYTHING BELOW THERE.>>HE WAS SENT TO SCHWAB REHABILITATION AT MOUNT SINAI ON THE WEST SIDE.>>I DIDN’T KNOW HOW TO PICK MYSELF UP. IT STARTED WITH JUST GETTING IN THE WHEELCHAIR AND BECOMING FAMILIAR WITH THAT. I REMEMBER DOING FLOOR TRANSFERS AND GETTING BACKUP IN THE CHAIR AND PUTTING ON MY CLOTHES AGAIN.>>AFTER SIX WEEKS HE EARNED HIS PHYSICAL INDEPENDENCE.>>HOW ARE YOU DOING?>>WORKING WITH THERAPISTS AND DOCTORS HERE SO MUCH THEY’VE BECOME LIKE FAMILY.>>IT IS THEIR JOB BUT I COULD FEEL IT WAS MORE THAN THAT. THERE WAS A CONNECTION I WAS TRYING TO ACCOMPLISH SOMETHING AND THEY WERE THERE TO HELP ME WITH THAT.>>HIS YOUNG AGE IS TYPICAL OF THE GUN VIOLENCE VICTIMS THE STAFF TREATS WHERE 50% OF GUN VIOLENCE SURVIVORS ARE 16-24 YEARS OLD. THAT YOUTH WILL AID IN THE TOUGH ROAD TO RECOVERY.>>WHAT IS HARD FOR PEOPLE IS NAVIGATING THE IDEA THAT YOU ARE NOT GOING TO BE GOING HOME THE WAY YOU LEFT HOME BEFORE THE INJURY. WHEN YOU GO HOME FROM REHAB, THERE IS A LIKELIHOOD THAT YOU MAY REQUIRE A WHEELCHAIR.>>DR. MICHELLE GITTLER HAS WORKED AT SCHWAB FOR 27 YEARS.>>WHAT WE WANT PEOPLE TO DO IS TO ADAPT TO WHAT THEIR REALITY IS TODAY. AND CONTINUE HOPING. BUT TO BECOME INDEPENDENT AT THE LEVEL THAT THEY ARE AT.>>BECAUSE OF ITS LOCATION ON THE WEST SIDE, SCHWAB SEES A LARGE AMOUNT OF THE CITY’S GUNSHOT VICTIMS. MOST OF THEM YOUNG, BLACK OR BROWN AND MALE. ALSO IT’S ONE OF SEVERAL SAFETY NET HOSPITALS IN THE CITY. MEANING IT TREATS ANY PATIENT REGARDLESS OF INSURANCE OR ABILITY TO PAY. STAFF HERE TEACH A LOT OF KNOWLEDGE BOTH PHYSICALLY AND MENTALLY IN A SHORT AMOUNT OF TIME.>>THEY KNOW HOW TO TEACH PEOPLE HOW TO ADAPT TO THE NEW BODY. THE BODY THAT DOESN’T WORK THE WAY IT DID BEFORE. THEY KNOW WHAT EQUIPMENT PEOPLE NEED. THEY KNOW HOW 0 TEACH FAMILIES HOW TO MOVE PEOPLE SAFELY IN AND OUT OF BED, IN AND OUT OF A CAR UNTIL SOMEONE CAN DO IT THEMSELVES.>>IN ADDITION TO THE PHYSICAL THERAPY AND MEDICAL TREATMENT THERE IS TRAUMA COUNSELING.>>BEFORE I WAS ANGRY ABOUT IT. BECAUSE I WAS ACTIVE YOU KNOW I WAS HEALTHY. I WOULD GET AROUND ON MY BIKE. I WAS ON THE TRACK TEAM WHATEVER. I WAS USED TO BEING ACTIVE. IN A WAY I’M GRATEFUL I HAVE AS MUCH FEELING AS I DO CURRENTLY. IF I HAD ANY LESS, A LOT OF THE THINGS I DO NOW WOULD BE HARDER.>>THROUGH IT ALL JONATHAN WAS ABLE TO MAKE IT TO HIS SENIOR PROM AND GRADUATION WEEKS AFTER SUSTAINING THE GUNSHOT WOUND THAT WOULD CHANGE HIS LIFE.>>IT IS A TIME OF GROWTH, LEARNING, CHANGE. FOND MEMORIES. I DON’T HAVE A NEGATIVE ASSOCIATION WITH MY TIME HERE BECAUSE THEY WERE TRYING TO HELP ME OUT AND THEY DID THAT IN WAYS THEY COULDN’T KNOW.>>ONE SHOW OF JONATHAN’S GROWTH HE STARTED AT DePAUL’S DOWNTOWN CAMPUS BECAUSE IT WAS CLOSER TO HOME AND HE NEEDED SUPPORT FROM HIS FAMILY. NOW HE IS ENROLLED AT THE LINCOLN PARK CAMPUS. HE IS NOT SURE WHAT HE WANTS TO DO FOR A LIVING HE KNOWS HE CAN GET THERE.>>I HAVE NOT LET MY DISABILITY CHANGE MY IDENTITY IT’S ADDED TO IT.>>IN ADDITION TO SCHOOL, JONATHAN IS JOINING THE SCHWAB TEAM PART-TIME AS A PEER MENTOR TO HELP PATIENTS IN THE EARLIER STAGES OF THEIR RECOVERY. THERE WAS NO ARRESTS MADE IN HIS CASE.>>ARE THERE ETHICAL ISSUES WITH ANN BURQA SENDING TO THE COURT’S SPOT AS HER HUSBAND FACES FEDERAL CHARGES? THE COUNTY CLERK IS ACCUSED OF RUNNING A PATRONAGE SCHEME. OUR POLL — SPOTLIGHT POLITICS TEAM WILL JOIN ME WITH THIS, AMANDA VINICKY, PARIS SCHUTZ AND CAROL MARIN. WHY DID JUSTICE ANN BURKE GET THE SPOT?>>BECAUSE IT WAS HER TURN.>>THIS IS A ROTATING POSITION IT IS NOT LIKE THE U.S. SUPREME COURT. AND THEN THE JUSTICES THEMSELVES DECIDE WHO WILL NEXT GET IT. IT IS A EXERCISE ONE WOULD IMAGINE THOUGH IF THERE WAS GOING TO BE A CASE FOR PERHAPS BREAKING FROM TRADITION AND GIVING THAT TOP CHIEF JUDGE SPOT TO ANOTHER OF THE JUSTICES FOR THIS TERM THIS PERHAPS WOULD HAVE BEEN IT. BECAUSE ALL THAT IS GOING ON WITH HER HUSBAND, ALDERMAN ED BURKE.>>AND GIVEN ALL THAT IS GOING ON THE LEGAL TROUBLE HER HUSBAND ED BURKE IS IN DOES IT RAISE QUESTIONS ABOUT THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM.>>IT RAISES QUESTIONS THAT ANN BURKE NEVER ANSWERED WHAT ARE THE DIVISIONS BETWEEN HER AND ED BURKE? WE KNOW THEY OPERATE AS A UNIT POLITICALLY, RECENTLY IN THE MAYOR’S RACE. THE BURKE’S HELD A FUNDRAISER FOR TONI PRECKWINKLE AT THEIR HOME. AND TONI PRECKWINKLE SAYS IT WAS ANN BURKE IN CHARGE OF THE FUNDRAISER AND THERE BECAME A SCUFFLE OVER THAT. AND THEY HELD THE WEDDING FOR SUSANNA MENDOZA. AND TO HAVE CONFIDENCE IN THE SUPREME COURT JUSTICE BURKE NEEDS TO ANSWER THE QUESTIONS HOW DO THEY DIVIDE THE POLITICS. SHE HAS NEVER ANSWERED THOSE.>>HERE IS THE OTHER PART OF IT… HARDLY ANYONE IN THE COOK COUNTY COURTS RIGHT NOW, IS A JUDGE EXCEPT FOR THE FACT THAT ED BURKE BLESSED IT. HE MADE A LOT OF JUDGES INCLUDING HIS OWN SON-IN-LAW. TO SAY THAT ED BURKE IS NOT INFLUENTIAL IN HIS WIFE’S CAREERS AND OTHER PEOPLE’S CAREERS WOULD BE A CRAZY THING TO SAY. BUT JUDGES DO NOT LIKE TO BE SCRUTINIZED ETHICALLY. AND THEY DON’T NEED TO TELL YOU WHAT THEIR FIRE WALLS ARE. AND THAT IS WHAT I THINK THE PUBLIC IS GETTING IMPATIENT ABOUT IS HOW DO I TRUST?>>BECAUSE OF COURSE ILLINOIS HAS A SYSTEM OF ELECTING JUDGES AND ANN BURKE WAS ELECTED TO HER POSITION MANY VOTERS IN COOK COUNTY WILL HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY THIS COMING ELECTION TO CHOOSE ANOTHER JUSTICE TO SIT ON THE SUPREME COURT BECAUSE THE ONE WHO IS FILLING THAT SPOT WAS APPOINTED TO IT. THAT IS HOW JUSTICE BURKE, HERSELF, RECEIVED HER SPOT ON THE CURRENT BENCH OF THE ILLINOIS SUPREME COURT. AS WELL AS IN FACT HER FIRST ROLE ACE JUDGE ON THE APELL APPELLATE BENCH. AND SHE HAD THE BLESSING OF POLITICIANS AND ONE COULD ARGUE IT’S BASED ON MERIT. SHE HAS DONE A LOT OF THINGS AND PEOPLE LOVE HER. HER HUSBAND ISN’T JUST ALDERMAN ED BURKE HE ALSO WAS HER LONG TIME IN CHARGE OF COOK COUNTY’S SLATING OF JUDGES AND PEOPLE OWE HIM FAVORSES. IT RAISES EYEBROWS.>>AND ED BURKE FACES 14 FEDERAL CHARGES OF CORRUPTION. THAT’S THE ISSUE IN THE BURKE HOUSEHOLD NOW.>>QUICK, I WANT TO MENTION THAT THE CASE THAT YOU RAISED IN TERMS OF THE FUNDRAISER THERE WAS A COMPLAINT FILED AND IN FACT IT WAS FOUND THAT THE BURKES OR JUSTICE BURKE DID NO WRONG IN HOLDING THAT.>>BUT THE INVESTIGATION HE DOES NOT HAVE TO TELL YOU WHY IT’S THE JUDICIAL INQUIRY BOARD. SO NEVER MIND.>>ANOTHER JUDGE COOK COUNTY CHIEF JUDGE TIM EVANS, HE IS FACING A CHALLENGE WHAT IS THE BACK STORY ON HIM?>>FORMER ALDERMAN TOOK TONI PRECKWINKLE THREE PASSES TO DEFEAT HIM THEY HAVE NEVER BEEN CLOSE FRIENDS BUT THEY SEEM TO BE FRIENDLIER NOW. HE HAS BEEN AROUND FOR 18 YEARS. HE HAS FOUND A WAY TO IMPROVE SOME WOULD ARGUE AND OTHERS NOT, THE BAIL BOND SYSTEM. AND HE IS BEING OPPOSED BY LORNENA POPES AND SHE IS ARGUING THAT HE HAS NOT HAD JUDGES’ BACKS AND SHE WILL. IT COULD BE A CLOSE CONTEST.>>THE CHIEF JUDGE OF THE CIRCUIT COURT, HAS HAD A BIG SAY OVER POLICY HOW JUDGES SET BAIL FOR PEOPLE THAT ARE APPEARING BEFORE THEM. AND THREE YEARS AGO EVANS FACED A CHALLENGE FROM TOM ALLEN, ALLEN HAD POLITICAL SUPPORT AND EVANS HAD SUPPORT IN THE AFRICAN-AMERICAN POLITICAL COMMUNITY. AND THERE IS NO INDICATION NOW THAT THERE IS ANY SORT OF POLITICAL MOVEMENT BEHIND JUDGE PROPS. AND YOU MAYOR LORI LIGHTFOOT IS AT ODDS WITH JUDGE EVANS THERE IS NO INDICATION THAT SHE IS TRYING TO OUST HIM. AND TONI PRECKWINKLE WAS AT TOTAL ODDS WITH EVANS.>>STRANGE BED FELLOWS. ANOTHER TOP COOK COUNTY OFFICIAL KAREN YARBROUGH USED TO BE THE RECORDER OF DEEDS FACES ACCUSATIONS SHE IS RUNNING AN ILLEGAL EMPLOYMENT SCHEME?>>RUNNING A PATRONAGE HIRES. SHE WAS UNDER IN HER PREVIOUS POSITION AS RECORDER OF DEEDS UNDER FEDERAL OVERSIGHT FOR HIRING. AND HAD A LOT OF ENTITIES IN COOK COUNTY BUT THAT WAS LIFTED AT OVERSIGHT LIFTED FROM TONI PRECKWINKLE FOR THE COOK COUNTY BOARD AND COOK COUNTY OVERALL SYSTEM. SO THIS IS GOING TO BE GOING BEFORE THE COURT SYSTEM. YARBROUGH DENIED IT AND SAYS SHE WANTS HER DAY IN COURT AND THAT WILL COME NEXT MONTH.>>IS PATRONAGE ALIVE IN COOK COUNTY?>>MICHAEL SHACKMAN FOUGHT PATRONAGE FOR DECADES BELIEVES INDEED THIS IS THE UGLY HEAD HAS REARED ITSELF AGAIN.>>AND YARBROUGH –>>THANK YOU TO AMANDA VINICKY, PARIS SCHUTZ AND CAROL MARIN AS ALWAYS.>>WELL, VINYL RECORDS WERE LONG AGO OVERTAKEN BY CD’S AND DIGITAL AND VINYL IS MAKING A COMEBACK. 10 YEARS AGO, LESS THAN TWO MILLION RECORDS WERE PURCHASED IN THE YEAR LAST YEAR NEARLY 17 MILLION SOLD. AND RECORDS ARE BEING MADE IN CHICAGO FOR THE FIRST TIME IN 30 YEARS. JAY SHEFSKY STOPPED BY TO SEE HOW IT’S DONE.>>ANDY WEBER HAS ALWAYS LOVED VINYL RECORDS.>>IT ALLOWS YOU TO SLOW DOWN. ALLOWS YOU TO SIT BACK AND LISTEN TO A SIDE FOR 30 MINUTES AND SIT BACK WITH YOUR RECORD JACKET LIKE IT IS A BOOK TO READ. ANDY GLAD TO BE WITH YOU HERE THIS MORNING.>>AS A DJ ANDY’S HEARD A LOT OF FRUSTRATION IN THE MUSIC SCENE WHEN IT COMES TO RELEASING ON VINYL.>>FRIENDS AND BANDS, WOULD SAY THEY WERE NOT GOING TO DO VINYL BECAUSE OF COST AND BECAUSE OF SIX-MONTH WAIT TIMES.>>SO ANDY AND SOME FRIENDS STARTED THEIR OWN RECORD PLANT. THE FIRST IN CHICAGO IN 30 YEARS CALLED SMASHED PLASTIC. ANDY’S PARTNER JOHN LOMBARDO OWNS A SMALL LABEL AND IT AMAZES HIM THAT VINYL WORKS AT ALL.>>THE PROCESS IS MAGICAL WE TALK ABOUT IT THE FACT THAT YOU CAN CUT A GROOVE INTO A PIECE OF PLASTIC AND HAVE A TURNTABLE AND AMPLIFIER DO THE OPPOSITE WHERE IT’S READING THAT GROOVE AND PUSHING IT THROUGH THE SPEAKER AND CREATING SOUND WAVES IS A CRAZY PROCESS.>>THE PROCESS STARTS WITH PVD PELLETS. TODAY, THE PELLETS ARE WHITE AND WHITE RECORDS COME OUT THE OTHER END. THEY CAN ALSO MAKE TRADITIONAL BLACK VINYL OR JUST ABOUT ANY COLOR. THE PVC PELLETS ARE MELTED AND FORMED IN SOMETHING THAT LOOKS NOTHING LIKE A RECORD.>>IT LOOKS LIKE A HOCKEY PUCK. AND THAT IS –>>THAT IS GOING TO BECOME A RECORD?>>YEAH.>>THE HOCKEY PUCK AND THE RECORD LABOR MOVE BETWEEN TWO PLATES CALLED STAMMERS WHERE IT IS NRAT — STAMPERS WHERE IT’S FLATTENED AND THE GROOVES ARE PRESSED INTO IT.>>THESE ARE THE STAMPERS. THIS IS THE NEGATIVE OF THE MUSIC. WHAT HAPPENS IS THESE WERE ON THERE, AND THEY ARE CLOSING TOGETHER AND WHERE THERE’S GROOVES THESE ARE RIDGES THAT IS WHAT IS PRESSING OUT THE MUSIC.>>AFTER THE HOCKEY PUCK IS FLATTENED IT’S QUICKLY COOLED SO IT’S NOT TOO FLOP YOUPY WHEN IT — FLOPPY WHEN IT MOVES TO THE TRIMMER WHERE THE EXCESS VINYL IS CUTOFF AND SAVED AND MADE IN MORE RECORDS AND MOVES ON TO A STACK OF FINISHED DISKS. [♪♪♪] ONE RECORD EVERY 32 SECONDS. ABOUT 500 EVERYDAY JUST FROM THIS ONE MACHINE. AND THEY ARE HOPING TO ADD TWO MORE MACHINES SOON. ONE ADVANTAGE OF HAVING A RECORD PLANT IN CHICAGO IS THAT LOCAL MUSICIANS OR LABELS CAN PICK UP THE FINISHED RECORD AND LISTEN TO THEM WITH THE PEOPLE WHO MADE THEM. THIS RECORD IS A COLLABORATION BETWEEN CHICAGO SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA CELLIST KATINKA KLEIJN AND STEPHEN POLUTNIK.>>IT’S LESS COLD OR SOMETHING. IT’S LIKE THIS PROCESS THAT YOU SEE LIKE WHEN YOU MAKE MUSIC YOU MAKE SOUNDS WITH PHYSICAL THINGS WITH METAL AND WOOD IT’S NICE TO GET THE FEEL THAT SOUND IS PHYSICAL.>>AND BY SOME MAGIC WHEN A RECORD SPINS ON A TURNTABLE AND A NEEDLE RIDES IN THE GROOVE… WHAT COMES OUT OF THE SPEAKERS IS AUDIO THAT MANY AUDIOPHILES SAY IS BETTER AND WARMER AND MORE REAL THAN ANY OTHER WAY TO LISTEN TO RECORDED MUSIC. FOR “CHICAGO TONIGHT” THIS IS JAY SHEFSKY. [♪♪♪]>>NOW, THE MUSIC THAT YOU ARE HEARING THAT WAS FROM THE RECORD THEY WERE PRESSING THE DAY WE VISITED AN ALBUM OF BEATLES COVERS BY JOEL PATTERSON AND MORE ON OUR WEBSITE. AN AMAZING ELECTRON MICRO SCOPE VIDEO OF A NEEDLE RIDING IN A GROOVE AND WHAT IS THE GEEKKIEST STEP TURNING AN AUDIO RECORDING INTO A LACQUER, THE MASTER THAT WILL MAKE THE RECORDS AND THERE ARE TWO GUYS IN CHICAGO WHO DO THAT.>>TO PHIL PONCE UNWARMAND ONE F OUR FAVORITE EDITIONS OF “ASK GEOFFREY”. KENNEDY EXPRESSWAY YOU MAY HAVE NOTICED MASSIVE CHURCHES THAT SEEM TO LINEUP WITH THE CURVES AND BENDS OF THE HIGHWAY. WHILE THEY MAY ONLY GET A QUICK LOOK FROM COMMUTERS OR PERHAPS A LONGER ONE IF THERE IS TRAFFIC THE CHURCHES HAVE ACTED AS CENTERS OF COMMUNITY AND WORSHIP FOR GENERATIONS AND THEIR LEGACY GOES BACK FURTHER. HERE TO EXPLAIN THIS GEOFFREY BAER IN TONIGHT’S EDITION OF “ASK GEOFFREY”. AND LET’S GET TO THIS FIRST QUESTION. AND THE QUESTION IS…>>SO THOSE ARE THE CHURCHES YOU ELUDED TO. THE BIG GIANT CHURCHES. YOU PROBABLY WILL NOT FIND THE TERM POLISH CATHEDRAL IN ARCHITECTURE BOOKS IT IS AN ANECDOTAL TERM. THE POLISH CATHEDRAL STYLE AND LOOK AT THESE, IT’S USED TO DESCRIBE CHURCHES LIKE THIS ONE, ST. MARY THE ANGELS BUILT TO SERVE IMMIGRANT POLISH COMMUNITIES. THE CHURCHES ARE VERY LARGE AND OPULENT IN DESIGN. LAVISH. SOME OF THE FIRST IN CHICAGO LIKE THIS ONE, ST. STANISLAUS ARE AROUND WICKER PARK IN BUCKTOWN THOSE NEIGHBORHOODS WHERE POLLS SETTLED IN LARGE NUMBERS. THIS CHURCH AND OTHERS ARE VISIBLE FROM THE KENNEDY EXPRESSWAY. IF YOU ARE DRIVING DOWNTOWN IN THE RIGHT LANE YOU COME WITHIN FEET OF IT.>>PRACTICALLY TAKE COMMUNION FROM YOUR CAR. THE KENNEDY WAS REROUTED AROUND THE CHURCH SO IT DID NOT HAVE TO BE TORN DOWN. IT WAS BUILT IN 1881 FOR A PARISH FOUNDED IN 1867 AND REFERRED TO AS THE MOTHER OF POLISH CHURCHES IN THE CITY IT’S THE OLDEST AND THE PEAK, GET THIS… IT HAD OVER 35,000 PARISHIONERS AND HELD 12 MASSES EVERY SUNDAY TO ACCOMMODATE THEM ALL. AND YOU CAN SEE THE TWIN STEEPLES THERE. THAT IS A TRADEMARK OF THE POLISH CATHEDRAL STYLE AND THE ONE ON THE RIGHT IS MISSING THE CUP LA BECAUSE IT WAS STRUCK BY^^ LIGHTNING IN 1964. AND A CLASSIC POLISH CATHEDRAL VISIBLE FROM THE KENNEDY IS ST. MARY OF THE ANGELS IN BUCKTOWN AND IT OPENED IN 1920. AND AGAIN THERE IS THAT HALLMARK OF TWO STEEPLES. THEY STAND OVER THE CHURCH’S 26 ROOFTOP ANGEL STATUES WHICH GAZE DOWN FROM PASSERSBY FROM VARIOUS EDGES. HARD TO BELIEVE THIS IS IN CHICAGO. AND LET’S GO INSIDE AND YOU WILL SEE THE OFTEN MENTATION AND THE IMAGERY ON THE WALLS MURALS AND PAINTING DEPICTING SAINTS AND ANGELS AND BOARDED WITH GOLD TRIM AND OTHER NATURE PATTERNS. LOOK AT THAT IMAGE THERE. THEY ARE UNLIKE THIS KIND OF CHURCH. UNLIKE THE GOTHIC STYLE CHURCHES. THOSE CHURCHES HAD ELABORATE STONE WORK AND STEEPLES AND POLISH CATHEDRALS OWE MORE TO THE OFTEN NATURE RENAISSANCE TRADITIONS OF THE 16TH AND 17TH CENTURY. AND IT OWES A LOT TO THE PALACE OF VERSAILLES.>>THESE CHICAGO CHURCHES ARE CALLED POLISH CATHEDRALS BUT THERE IS ONE OFFICIAL IN CHICAGO?>>THAT IS RIGHT. WHILE THERE ARE MANY CHURCHES IN CHICAGO THAT ARE CALLED POLISH KA TRIED DRALS THERE IS ONE CATHOLIC CHURCH RECOGNIZED, HOLY NAME ON THE NORTH SIDE AND IT’S CALLED A CATHEDRAL BECAUSE IT’S THE SEAT OF THE ARCHDIOCESE IN CHICAGO AND MORE IN THE GOTHIC STYLE.>>WHY DID BUILDERS CHOOSE THE RENAISSANCE AND BAROQUE STYLE?>>THESE CHURCHES HARKEN BACK TO THE STYLE THAT WAS POPULAR IN THE POLISH GOLDEN AGE DURING THE 16TH AND 17TH CENTURIES A PERIOD OF PEACE AND SECURITY COMPARED TO MUCH OF POLISH HISTORY WHEN THE COUNTRY WAS UNDER THREAT FROM NEIGHBORS. POLLS IN THE GOLDEN AGE HIRED ARCHITECTS FROM ITALY WHO CONSTRUCTED EXTRAVAGANT BUILDING IN THEIR COUNTRY.>>I HEARD A PERSON SAY POLL LAND LIKENED ITSELF TO JESUS BECAUSE IT WAS BETWEEN TWO THIEVES. WHY ARE THEY SO BIG? SOME OF THE CHURCHES LOOKED LARGER.>>HUGE, HUGE. THIS IS AND THIS IS BECAUSE CHICAGO’S POLISH IMMIGRANT POPULATION WAS HUGE. ALTHOUGH WE’VE ALL HEARD THE CLAIM THAT CHICAGO WAS THE LARGEST POLISH CITY OUTSIDE OF WARSAW THERE’S DEBATE ABOUT THAT BUT IT WAS ABSOLUTELY TRUE THAT CHICAGO WAS THE CENTER OF POLISH LIFE IN THE UNITED STATES FOR MANY YEARS. POLISH NEWSPAPERS AND ORGANIZATIONS, FLOURISHED HERE AND SO DID IT THE CHURCHES AND ALL THOSE NEW IMMIGRANTS NEEDED THESE HUGE PLACES TO WORSHIP. THERE WERE THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE. AND THE CHURCHES LIKE ST.MARY’S ALSO WERE BUILT BIG FOR ANOTHER PURPOSE THEY WERE LIKE STAKES IN THE GROUND WAYS TO SAY WE’RE PROUD OF OUR HERITAGE AND IT SURVIVED THOUSANDS OF MILES.>>STATEMENT BUILDINGS. GEOFFREY THANK YOU.>>MY PLEASURE.>>AND YOU CAN VISIT OUR WEBSITE FOR MORE INFORMATION. AND WHILE YOU ARE THERE SUBMIT YOUR QUESTION TO GEOFFREY BAER. AND WE ARE BACK RIGHT AFTER THIS.>>AND THAT’S OUR SHOW FOR THIS WEDNESDAY NIGHT. DON’T FORGET TO STAY CONNECTED BY SIGN UP FOR YOUR DAILY BRIEFING. AND JOIN US TOMORROW NIGHT LIVE AT 7:00 P.M. THE BEARS HEAD TO DENVER IN SEARCH OF THEIR FIRST WIN AFTER DROPPING THE SEASON OPENER. AND A NEW COMEDY SERIES SET ON CHICAGO’S SOUTH SIDE IS TAKING THE SMALL SCREEN BY STORM. FOR ALL OF US HERE AT “CHICAGO TONIGHT” I’M BRANDIS FRIEDMAN. THANK YOU FOR WATCHING. HAVE A GOOD NIGHT. [♪♪♪]

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