Conversation with Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Nadia Murad

well good morning good morning good morning and welcome to us IP my name is Michael Yaffe I'm the vice president here at u.s. IP for the Middle East and Africa programs and we are delighted to be welcoming you all here for an event that we are co-sponsoring with the Taipei economic and cultural representative office of the United States and Nadia's initiative I want to extend a very special and warm welcome to Nobel Prize laureate and founder of Nadi initiative miss Nadia NORAD who is visiting us here at u.s. IP for the first time I also want to welcome representative Stanley Cao and thank you for your partnership in this initiative and this event today welcome to all of you welcome to ambassador Kelly curry to special advisor Knox Thames to special representative max Primack off premier off max I figure Max and everyone else who has joined us to those of you who have been to u.s. IP before welcome back to the Institute and for those of you new and this is your first time to Institute welcome and let me briefly introduce who we are the u.s. Institute of Peace was founded in 1984 but has an act of Congress to establish an institution devoted to the prevention the mitigation and resolution of violent conflict we we we work throughout the world to basically take analysis of conflict and apply it in ways that we can help to resolve conflicts and we are working throughout the world in Africa in Asia in the Middle East and Latin America in it and during this time one of our most significant programs or one of our longest programs deals with Iraq we have been in Iraq since 2003 continuously and we have been dealing with many of the key issue in Iraq including the plight of Iraq's minorities as I said we have been working in Iraq on various conflicts to resolve through negotiation and agreements including those that have been dealing with the issues of the respect for Iraqi minorities we have negotiated in areas of Tikrit in hwacha in Tal Afar and we are working with directly with the communities with their leaders with the civic leaders with the representatives in including engagements with the government of Iraq and with the Kurdish regional government this work as I said includes supporting religious minority communities as they recover from the devastation left behind by Isis we are working currently in Nineveh province and working in many of the towns in those areas and we have been expanding our dialogues in Iraq particularly through the alliance of Iraqi minorities we work with partners on the ground we work with all with the minorities to empower minority groups including a CDS we work with the Christians we with us Fox we work with all the while the minority groups in order to empower them so they have a say in to their own future to help them in a resolve internal communal disputes it has now been over a year-and-a-half since Iraq defeated the military presence of Isis and yet many people remain internally displaced many cities remain displaced and other minorities are basically languishing in internally displaced people camps with little prospect of returning home in the near future today we are fortunate and very pleased to welcome a leading advocate of these IDI people a victims of sexual and gender-based violence a Nobel Prize laureate UN goodwill ambassador MS Nadia Moriah miss Marah was a survivor of the nineteen of sorry of the 2014 genocide against the ECD people she will speak about her work with Nadia's initiative which is dedicated to rebuilding communities in crisis and effect and advocating globally for victims of violence before we hear from Miss Marat we will also hear from our co-hosts the Honorable Stanley Cao representative of Taiwan to the United States he would be followed by ambassador Kelly Curie from the State Department Office of global criminal justice and then we will hear from Knox Thames special representative for religious minorities at the State Department miss Marat will first speak directly to the audience and then she will present a certificate of appreciation to the government of Taiwan for their contribution to Nadia's initiative she would then sit down with our director of US IPS Middle East programs SAR hang homicide for a moderated discussion and now little housekeeping you should have received cards when you came in for writing down questions which we will collect for the moderated discussion if you are tweeting about our conversation today please use hashtag Nadia or add u.s. IP in your tweets so now please join me in welcoming our event co-host representative cow thank you [Applause] well thank you very much mr. youth and Nadia and ambassador curry or distinguished guests colleagues and friends as a proud member of a global coalition Mike government welcomes to continued significant progress made in liberating territories previously controlled by the ISIS however victory in combat is only part of the story and a Taiwan is committed to working with all partners all partners the United States like-minded countries and international NGOs and making every effort necessary towards our ization and humanitarian assistance and speaking of our the global coalition General John Ireland is currently visiting Taiwan with a Polish dedication and of course he was the one help organize this koruba coalition some five years ago and he couldn't be more excited and a proud with this momentous gathering here today at u.s. IP and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo when elaborating a free and open into Pacific strategy not long ago and he specifically described hi once wrote as and I quote a democratic success story a reliable partner and that forceful good in a world and unquote and we appreciate and believe in his words because that's what Taiwan today's Taiwan is about now standing tall and strong and as an unmistakable and indispensable partner in a world both bilaterally and multilaterally to address Groppo and regional challenges freedom of religion Ebola pandemics women's empowerment disaster relief and humanitarian assistance and as 2019 also marks the 40th anniversary of Tyron Relations Act the rock-solid in a cornerstone and a legal framework of relations between our two countries and also an enduring partnership between United States and a Taiwan in our joint endeavour on this and all those fronts have become an even more significant so it is the major reason why we gather here today as we are deeply inspired and attached by miss nadia morosely courage and his advocacy and for her suffering people and tywin's half million u.s. dollars contribution may be small and small amount but it shows a much bigger bigger heart on a part of our government and our citizens and Taiwan is among the first in a coalition to answer secretary pompiers call for help so during the February ministerial and a quick note is that over the past few years now Taiwan our government and NGOs have provided over 33 million u.s. dollars in cash and in-kind humanitarian assistance to a displaced refugees and returnees in the region including hundreds of temporary housing units more by hospital funds and equipment for demining operation so we still have a work cut out and to accomplish our final goal but please rest assure that Taiwan is more than willing ready and available to help and thank you very much for having me and if I have the honor to have ambassador curry to speak thank you very much [Applause] Thank You Stanley for inviting me up and thank you to us IP and tech ro for asking me to join you today it's such an honor for me to be here to represent the State Department today at this important ceremony recognizing Taiwan's contribution to Nadia's initiative that will allow it to continue its incredible work on behalf of the Yazidi people and its incredible efforts to help work for a world that's free of genocide and mass atrocities it this is a huge personal and professional honor to be participating in this ceremony and to be here with you all today when Taiwan first offered to make this contribution to Nadia's initiative it was at the defeat Isis coalition foreign ministers meeting in February of this year and we're so thrilled to see that this donation has come to fruition today this gift is a testament to the shared values human rights and respect for the dignity of all people that underpin our important and enduring friendship with Taiwan it's really meaningful to be a part of this because when I first met Nadia it was follows working with ambassador nikki Haley at the US mission to the UN where we were fighting to end Isis reign of terror in Iraq and Syria and where we were fighting to get the UN to take action on behalf of the Yazidi people and it's incredible it's been just amazing to watch how Nadia has taken the the personal trauma that she has suffered the the horrors that she and her community have lived through and turned them into this amazing amazing initiative and into and use her story to tell the story of her people in a way that has touched so many of us it is she's she's not just a voice for her people now but a voice for all people who who are survivors of atrocities and she no one could have been more deserving of the Nobel Prize and it was it was thrilling with along with so many people who know Nadia and have seen her grow into this incredible role to see her receive that award and it couldn't be more deserving one for a more deserving person we share a common commitment to the idea that when a conflict ends it's not really over until the healing of the people affected by that conflict begins and we share the common goal of holding the perpetrators accountable and that's what my office at the State Department does I'm currently working in the office of global criminal justice what used to be called the war crimes office and the animating idea of our office is about accountability accountability for the most serious grave gross human rights abuses perpetrated in the world genocide crimes against humanity and war crimes and ethnic cleansing these are the issues that we work on day to day and it's very rare that we have someone like Nadia to work with who understands so personally the trauma and the the challenges of dealing and coming to terms with these mass atrocities but also has the savvy and the skills to actually do the things that need to be died and to get out there and advocate for her people in a way that she has done it's just truly amazing and we know how important accountability is and we're not going to stop working for it and that is a pledge that I continue to make to you and that the department will continue to make we know why it's important we know that it shows the survivors and the victims that the international community not only takes what happened to them seriously but is taking action to make sure that there is justice for them and we know how important it is to help them rebuild their communities and move on to a brighter future so at the State Department we have a really long history of working with the Yazidi community and other religious and ethnic minorities in the Middle East we've publicly acknowledged that Isis is responsible for genocide against the Yazidis Christians and Shia Muslims in areas it controlled and crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing against those groups and in some case says against sunni muslims kurz and other minorities this year we've provided two million dollars to the UN investigative team for accountability of dye ash unit had created by the Security Council in 2017 to collect store and preserve evidence of Isis atrocities that may amount to war crimes crimes against humanity and genocide our contribution to unit ad helped helped it to begin its exhumation of mass graves in Sinjar and that is that an event that was incredibly important for the Yazidi people and we're so pleased to have been able to support that and what it represents to your community last year Congress also appropriated five million dollars to our office to support grants to be awarded in an open and competitive process to promote accountability in Iraq and Syria and we're working really hard to get those funds out to NGOs and other organizations that can help build the important evidentiary cases and help the healing to move forward in these communities the United States has also provided millions of dollars to vulnerable communities in Iraq for infrastructure repair the restoration of services and livelihoods and psychosocial assistance to the victims of Isis to help them begin this difficult work of rebuilding their lives Tech Rose contribution today hopes to continue this effort and we're so pleased to be able to join in them today in marking this important gift now I'd like to introduce my colleague my very good colleague and our next speaker Knox Thames who's the special advisor for religious minorities in the Office of International Religious Freedom thank you so much [Applause] that's a great honor to be here this morning I'm gonna thank us IP and tech robe for organizing this important event I also want to thank ambassador curry who's a great advocate and ally in the State Department as we work together to promote justice and accountability around the world including in Iraq where the genocide that Isis perpetrator has left deep scars and we'll need a long time to heal as was mentioned I serve as the special advisor for religious minorities in the State Department we believe that all people regardless of religion including religious minorities should be able to practice their beliefs freely and peacefully without fear of violence or retribution no one no one should suffer violence because of his or her religious or ethnic identity unfortunately this is exactly what happened in 2014 when Isis swept into northern Iraq and targeted Yazidis and other religious and ethnic minorities Isis killed or captured thousands of Yazidis and placed hundreds of thousands more many of whom remain displaced today during my multiple visits to Iraq into the region I've seen the vibrancy of these religious minority communities that have existed there for millennia but have also seen that they live a precarious and fragile existence the spring witnessed two very encouraging events in northern Iraq the marking of the azita new year and Easter the Yazidis were able to celebrate and the Christians were able to gather and we saw heartwarming and encouraging stories about communities becoming revitalized but while Isis has been removed the crisis is not over the crisis is not over for use EDS as long as thousands of Yazidi women and children remain missing either enslaved or murdered I've met with the Baba shake the IDI spiritual leader and with survivors like Nadia and family members who are still looking for loved ones and we are committed to working with these IDI people to find these people and to see them return to their families the crisis is not over for minorities if I members are not held accountable justice means more than perpetrators being tried for terrorism against the Iraqi state it means where possible convicting Isis members for their crimes against individual minorities the torture kidnapping rape and slave minore murder the crisis is not over if the human rights for religious minorities in Iraq is not respected and law and policy and by all members of society and the crisis will not be over that people cannot go home we've received encouraging reports about attendance at Easter masses exceeding pre Isis numbers of major cathedrals I also have personally visited uzd temples when they've been reopened at just by the hands of these IDI community coming together to rebuild and restructure their places of worship we've also launched two programs where we've sent the Smithsonian Institution to help train easygeeze Christians and other minorities about steps they can take to preserve the religious culture however for displaced civilians including many as Eadie's Christians and others the simple act of returning home has yet to take place because of the physical and economic and security in liberated areas now we're very encouraged by the opening of key roads in northern Iraq but we want to see more and I want to highlight that the personal commitment of the vice-president to this has been transformative and also highlight the great work of my colleague max prim Iraq who's been sent out to northern Iraq to lead that effort and so Max is an example of the US government's commitment to remain diplomatically and programmatically to help recreate conditions where religious minorities feel like to have a future in their ancestral homelands we cannot do this alone which is why we're so grateful partners like Taiwan and others for supporting the important work of groups like Nadia's initiative which is making a tangible impact on the ground here in Washington were also working multilaterally to advance religious freedom around the world last year secretary Pompeo convened the first-ever ministerial to advance religious freedom bringing together more than 80 governments and hundreds of members of civil society and religious communities we will host a second ministerial in three weeks and we hope to continue making strides towards a world in which all people including religious minorities are free to follow the dictates of their conscience Nadya will again be a speaker at the ministerial but I now it's my great pleasure to introduce her to you all so we can all hear her share it's a great honor and privilege to always be around Nadya she's a great example of someone who turned unimaginable pain into hope and action Nadya is a world-renowned human rights activist an advocate for survivors of genocide and sexual violence last year she became the first Iraqi ever to win the Nobel Peace Prize she has raised her voice around the world including at the United Nations Security Council and in 2016 became the first ever UN goodwill ambassador for the dignity of survivors of human trafficking most importantly and I think you'll see this when you hear from her she is a woman of great and deep character with a passion for helping those in need her courage is inspiration to myself and will be for all of us so without further ado please welcome Nadia Marat [Applause] it's Bahama Mama Chattanooga karaoke birthday hi abacus T if Sarah is jihad ichika you know how joe or so but it had been an HTTP genocide good morning everyone i'm happy to be here with everyone appreciative of all the efforts of everyone here that has been supporting the GT cars and I'm happy to talk about these issues today here in my hotel Chile's in via Karenina American these are important issues of existential for the minorities in Iraq and in the region that need to be discussed there is support for minorities but further support is needed to make sure that minorities remain in that region Rio de Janerio Catina a comedy parody in my dreams there – whether a colossal Beauty are not happy like knox mentioned just now no one should be targeted because of their faith because of their religion or because they're a woman and that's what exactly what happened Giovanni Herrera H paliotta ma a demon relevant but this is ongoing because minorities like easygeeze and Christians and others in that region are facing many challenges and are slowly disappearing from that region this is something that we need to work on a galaxy Sheila had a checkered no had an Hadji it most a monitor is the circle actuator gala gah-la as yaku chuan of Chancellor's Vicari Kim Hardwick asthma bahala Adam Percy Schmidt Khimki hard Azhar with Bregman Bratton al-qaeda Deena in his Mohamed had in a question can Jamie been innovation but servin Mohammad Ahmad yet concurrent bimini many families of the GD community are still facing what happened to them in 2014 including my own family for example I have two nephews that are still missing in captivity somewhere my sister-in-law and nine of my brothers who were killed by Isis we still don't know when we will recover their bodies and bury them but um wait a minute but still despite all this we fight as a community our community is resilient and we have been fighting to face these challenges and help our community recover from this channel again as Gaelic animation I want ah ha ha kodesh the Hiroshima Lady Rose we are Aliotti kilogram again I'm happy to be here we will discuss some of these issues on the panel in a minute but I would like to thank the government of Taiwan for their support to the GT community I'm here with a maybe Tara Pollock article invaded rebus as people yeah we will talk about these issues but at the moment I guess now you will hand out a certificate to ambassador cow if you can please go up on the stage [Applause] good morning again my name is Suren homicide the middle director of Middle East programs here at u.s. IP I'm gonna be I have the honor of moderating this session dear Nadia it is really really an honor for me to be here on stage with you as you can probably tell I'm here with mixed feelings one side of me is here with the feeling of great pain that we are here to talk about recovery from genocide heinous crimes that continue to happen I remember my grandparents telling me about these kind of horrible crimes that happened I remember them happening in 1988 perpetrated by the government of Iraq under Saddam Hussein and the bath party only a few years before you were even born and I saw them continue Mac continuum mass murder at the camp Spiker and then genocide against the SDS and Christians in 2014 perpetrated by Isis and unfortunately the mindset of and the conditions for genocide continue on a positive note I have a lot of I have a great feeling of Hope admiration and respect for you and survivors of genocide because your story is a story of human resilience at its finest so thank you for what you do before I start my questions I wanted to probably a note you may have realized that I were used the word as the not bsed and probably one takeaway for you is that actually a CD is not the correct name of this community and one takeaways if we can start by trying to change and call them how they call themselves so you will not hear the word via ZD from me if it slips I apologize but SD is how they call themselves so Nadia I mean you've alluded to this but can you tell us a little bit more in your own words what Nadia's initiatives seek to accomplish and what challenges you face and the SD people face as they try to recover from it Ben first of all the crimes that the community and others face in August will be five years and these communities are still most of them are displaced and facing challenges to return home and one of the main challenge one of the main challenges is the security situation we have worked tirelessly with the Iraqi government and the Kurdish government to resolve some of these security issues so that people can feel safe to return home again radio EKG hpi-o the – the Hadi a gala Keisha and Annika Alisha Molotov oh darn a cotton pristine German Rosa Yoshida ricotta no in is iike a hosta Hazara is the vagary nation golly oh how convenient know what mm rubbish novice rehash Teja sorry Ram Kalikimaka Erica our gate Haddad green Rosa buddy – Ari – green vena cava meaning American basically compa nabina muhammad turkey's much stamina ee Haku metal sorry hush Teja sorry ash make a burger in Wacha Z that or not – remember that many idiots did not leave Sanjaya even when Isis attacked they fled to Mount Sinjar and they stayed there many of them father Isis in 2014 and 15 when the areas were liberated other Yazidis joined them and returned home right now around 80,000 Yazidis have returned home and when those that have remained in the camp see that these cities that have returned and remained there have not received the support they need they do not feel that they can return home some of the challenges they're facing for example of those cities that have returned as we mentioned is the security situation once some of these issues are resolved for those who have already returned others will feel safe to go and join them and return to their homeland so you sort of went to the second question that I was going to ask you you've mentioned I think in a prior publication that about 350,000 is these remain displaced and for those who do not know that's the vast majority of the community so that is an important thing to consider so to get to voluntary safe and sustainable return where people can go home and stay there you mentioned a number of barriers securities and the attention who do you think should address this where do you see some of this the is that the international community is that the government of Iraq is that the coolest and regional government who do you think should address those problems very very obsessed dope enjoy sorry be damned that's the Vickery kitty in Mehsana hideki bajada Wanda Buckingham would she be will work before Nikita began her pain Solano Sara and no – male duration girl okay more women l compare data pencil when we started this work and and advocated for the CD community and other communities in Iraq I knew that the legal side will take some time it takes time to bring perpetrators to justice also on the reconstruction side we know that it will take some time but I never thought that it will take more than five years for those cities that are in IDP camps whom are about two hours away from their home will not be able to return home we carry my cuca carry a mobile drama dirty martini Giamatti adi-lila HIV testing in Muhammad Ali Ali up named Asteria get a carrot kinkaku Mata hiraku Curtis and I'm a beard I mean after Chaka Chaka madama Holub HOA dirigible gallic Mona D'Amato come be my Vampira carbon emission Aharon will be Shaolin kami change become Adama Holly me now after work permit Erica Donna Donna Nina the work that Nadia's initiative does we our goal was to shift focus to Sinjar and these areas to the ancestral homeland of the cities so what we did is we work with both governments the Iraqi government the Kurdish government for example for the past two years and some parts of the homeland in Sinjar have been liberated in more than two years but so far we have not been able to manage for example to establish a local government for Sinjar and when we talked to many of the NGOs there are facing challenges because there is no local government in Sinjar and the issue of security and local government combined prevents real change in Sinjar and reconstruction of the GD homeland ArenaNet Armenian human ecology Sheraton cribben said bueno de Paris our motto ha da de cadena scamper agustina or power I'm already rich taking a large Oaxaca Bahamas our alma mater country melody my a hiatal observe matochkin enormous body of millet Oh Jill a neutral venue aggeliki nowand Ivana querida Ravi Aliotti bravado we talked about the security and the lack of services in Sinjar prevent people from returning home but at the same time Mindy's camps in these IDP camps easy they are facing many challenges including lack of access to proper education health services and then at the same time about 95,000 Yazidis have already emigrated from Iraq since 2014 this community will slowly disappear from the region no matter what and a whole generation will grow up without proper education without proper services available to them thank you I have a broader question that I'll get back to later but a couple of specific questions from the audience that came one you already answered in your remarks but two related questions one is says what is the role of the United States the Iraqi government and the KRG and returning the women who say who were taken by Isis i'm gary cailin Akhmatova rama welcome Milo Martino Daniken acosta taught in Kachin taught in ou 18 originally dedicated Rwandan a brass didn't have a pencil amo Baraka abbaschian Ibuka arrest me come on coach Cohen binnacle a screener within a holic rob portman bass Vitaly FST Mozilla O'Hara Reno's Erica Miller Surya Muhammad upon a new galaxy our oh oh – rockin Eve hi lawanda res me Adam and ahkamaat erotica um very rocky is away been a volunteer kuchenbacker in vizag a roxana's become a de Arte china compa whole in mosul campaign bergeron we were carbon one women in galaxies Arobin wotty – wotty Josh be recurrent Madonna Jima arose on a nice barbecue matica cafeteria chicken we have worked with our partners including the u.s. provided information trying to since the beginning of this crisis to help rescue some of the woman in captivity but to be honest there has not been any real initiative too risky as you do women from captivity from any side for example for the recently after even after Mosul and Telfair in these areas were liberated we know for sure that there are some uzd children still with some of the families in Tal Afar and mosul we send papers to the iraqi government asking them officially to let us appoint some museo de voluntario and look for these children in coordination with the Iraqi government and not only in Iraq but in on the Syrian side and at a whole camp but so far we have not gotten the permission from the government and these volunteers are not able without permission to go and look at in the camp in these houses and look for these children so this is one of the issues that have not been resolved thank you another question that I have from the audience says what do you think is the best way to hold former Isis fighters accountable for those who are from European countries almanarah parents are you Kayla kashiraj Barb and I you in a way they do – Rabinovitch techique have a girl in which you know me yeah gingy Sinaiticus or upon Twin Galaxies and Kasich is one Manitoulin you know Mohammed horrible clairenhan easy booyaka Janaki Shui communal and mannahatta Jahnavi hard oka roju heckuva Quran Tawheed elizabe akhirin ambien maka maka maka no Hostin a Gallic exclusion or if I did a bulking up Helene eg davon bus Dino if I did one Chanukah Oh – OH Oh Jeanette idly killing galaxies or people naina Felicia Cup so we've been working with some of the European countries specifically Germany France and UK about this specific issue of Isis fighters that committed crimes against his CDs and others and including some of the woman that joined Isis in Iraq a specific case that we are currently working on with our lawyer Amal Clooney in Germany against Isis wife and her husband that killed a CD child but the the hope of the CD communities that they will see these Isis fighters in in court and they're ready to testify as some of them have already testified and they're ready to testify again against these Isis fighters thank you so if I take you to the broader question I mean even before Isis the is the community has been reporting grievances related to lack of services for the longest time I remember one single issue that kept coming up again that there is a need for a hospital in Sinjar and there was other grievances about political representation that some bigger parties and actors were hijacking their plight and there are their issues so obviously a recovery from Isis is not enough because even before Isis there were challenges so can you speak more about the aspiration of the the SD community not just as a recovery from Isis but Allah Muhammad sa Tagalog Matawan dubinina bone cutter worked pro ZBrush modulated nation Garmin ocean Gilardi is – teach a mysterious Matata Barron nama cetera sermon doctor taught in 2014 prior to Isis attacking our areas of course I lived in a small village I did not know much about politics I didn't know that you see these the representation in the government and these issues but I knew for sure that after I learned about some of these issues in terms of the hospital there was only one Hospital small land in Sinjar that covered the whole region for you CDs and others that were there adequate services were not available those who needed special treatments they had to travel to other regions and it was only one hospital that it was later actually destroyed by Isis at the moment education and lack of education adequate education for UCD's was also an issue especially in the villages these remote villages before 2003 and after that after the fall of the regime of Saddam the representation the Parliament I know that these cities have not been been politically marginalized actually in terms of representation and in their own areas even in Sinjar prior to 2014 we saw that more and more it was getting taken away from me cities and others were coming to represent Yazidis well it would to connect that with the issue of the mayor at the moment he cities are not able to appoint their own mayor and certainly at the moment since 2014 and since the liberation from Isis they have not been able to resolve the issue of just a local mayor didn't so if I may actually follow up on that local level of issues one can tie to security security today I mean obviously the Iraqi society militarized in response to to the conflict with Isis many communities either expanded any armed groups they had or there formed their own so if you look at the is the community there are different groups and in Sinjar and other places that have people have joined those groups for security to improve from the perspective of the people of Sinjar and the SD community how how can security be provided where the SD people will feel safe on their homeland he never got the wreckage Shakib Euronymous clear vanity Asahina it him a corner on Bengal by Tejada Malcolm Ali is the halacha see acitivity the beard eaten mcgillich Chara Gallic Korea Gallagher kimochi a Commissioner Hakata hirato acordes angie i gotta be with it Valerie I know like a comet Icarus me Jenna carbon it much food in Euro as Lorraine worked in Nepal Burma but it's a knish our gear ich noch JD my d1 has to endure haqqin haqqa the jewish lobby ferry a bit camel 8 8 Haku my dear Emma one macabre Anakin a kid which an image will never hesitate a second lady waking my good majority Hakuna Matata Oris Mima I demand a wada homology Morocco Kurdistan and know of Calcavecchia a Schengen Abbas is digitally sduba Salman oh she Houston AHA cheated le ha decadent beg Rebecca RS me Baba a Jewish carbon it will be second in a sovereign HIV there are security challenges all over Iraq not just in Sinjar but since you are in particular the challenges are bigger because it has been neglected who by the Iraqi and Kurdish government to find out the solution between the two sides and as a result his EDS have no choice but to join these armed groups for example guarding those mass graves has been done by uzd people whom stayed there after Isis attacked and fought Isis for many years we've officially asked the Iraqi government to recruit the CDs not just the CDs but Muslim Christians has returned to Sinjar whoever was there and fought Isis for years to recruit them into the official Iraqi security forces so that they can leave these militias and they can take up the security of their own areas but that has not happened yet thank you I have a question from the audience it says can you tell us about how the decision was made to allow women survivors of Isis sexual slavery to breath to go home to bring home their children born of sexual violence and a follow up question is that how are these children being treated just to give you a little bit of context at the question is a the I there was a time where the the SD community had a problem okay how to deal with those children who were born as a result of the heinous crimes of the community and today city has a the cities are Okubo maharaja buried a gypsy is the origin with Vulcan Aditi Lazaro a key my zenbu nationally is the autonomous Ally how come a day after each pair chromatography a little chilly ones are WA s rd a bobbin attack above the Asheville asthma mr. Marvin own Emma lady Mohammed Atta's are wacky is vivid on HBO's an nvidia has Chewbacca Oh Jerry machina sir Nvidia as such London I'm gala cake carrot can emulate a measure of a pilot it is the higher Andhra best workers diminution Cassano after still asthma sir are you Mota a hierarchy he'll be all are dually Oh Polly a Barry Kimmel atomizer yeah so this is something new to the GT community a small religious minority with oh you know traditions of thousands of years this was a challenge of course but the CDs the spiritual leaders of the UT community welcome to all these DD women that were enslaved by Isis all the children and welcome them back this there has been a discussion about children born of rape of course but this is not just a seedy issue it's also from the Iraqi government side where these children even if the father is Isis has to be registered as a Muslim by the father not the mother and it's very difficult for easily families to have these children we are registered as Muslims and their households this is something we have been working with the religious leaders in the community to figure out this issue but at the same time this is not only a responsibility on the ECD community this is a responsibility of the Iraqi government and the international community these children that have been born of rape from Isis diseases are not able to take care of their own children in these camps and so how can you expect this community to be able to take care of the children that are born afraid thank you I have another question from the audience and says are you in favor of establishing a separate criminal court to deal with the crimes of Isis unitized spq obviously if I thank my husband gallica zuka zama a new collection all have set Kurdistan Oaxaca wounded cartina Hazara burka Galica chuan Oaxaca tidal Macrina which you know Bettina with a macabre chickening be a mikvah chicken lesser one has a blonde bacon yes so after the UN team was established a unit a team collecting the evidence of these mass graves in the crimes against the sed community and other communities in Iraq our hope is and we have been working on this with them too figure out we can establish a special court for these Isis members to be tried we know there are thousands held by the Iraqi and the Kurdish government some of whom committed crimes against his GD woman and GD they committed crimes against easy the woman and Daisy the community so we would like to see that happen and have them tried for these specific crimes against the sed thank you we are coming we're approaching the end of our time and I've two other questions that I wanted to ask you've previously expressed that the your greatest fear is that if the international community fails to act that your community the SD community will cease to exist as a community and from I mean we've talked about different threads of of action but from your meetings you go and meet with the leaders of different countries different important institutions do you feel that the international community is doing enough to help prevent that outcome of for the acidic as the community to cease to exist and what more can they do to prevent that outcome out there Sambo wind up in Hatano Asia character same issue helper rock Takeda disparity Picaro alcohol Benin vagary majority savagery yarmulkes very salable Mihajlovic range of hulk neuroendocrine shinnok a la virge teeny Bataclan brahmotsava rico Forenza mikeraboy and Moroccan I watched her shatter bone a sermon Turkish GE had her on Dean waka delicate Abu Jahl Kira a esta noche que no Gallic a bash Bo Furi am ha ha ha a chicken in Doha tan who have Tina Marie – Martina didn't calm Akbar Obinna authority of Karenina cut with a Bosch Hartnett chicken Warren had Ahad net chicken but destiny mas de la semana much tomato a Lipton is shaiiaja rapper Kurdistan Baca be occurring and of Elliot or when Donovan yes oh yes that's this husband my feared that since first stated we feared that our community will disappear from that region from our ancestral homeland and there has been some positive outcomes in some progress that we have made with our partners for example we have worked on demining UCT areas with the support of the US government and a french government and also support of the US government the British and others to establish the unit a team to collect the evidence of these mass graves in Iraq and he says very these are very important and positive steps but at the same time it has been five years already and if this takes longer and longer the city community will disappear from that region and this is not only the responsibility of the international community it's also the responsibility of the Iraq and the Kurdish government to work with the international community to make sure that really just minorities cities and Christians are able to return to their homes so you sort of answered the question that I was going to ask but to give you to expand a little bit on this with the ministerial coming up and mid-july and NOx mentioned that what would you like to bring to their attention not only from the perspective of the SD community and the religious minorities in Iraq more broadly but also in your role as a UN goodwill ambassador the interstate irritated my salad I circled cables visa no Baker no hot one and Sabina okay no leg breaking luckily I'd be mean – had a fakie we have been Salah we began Holika I woke up inside there was not been a burger at wa shinai be a chicken other might be now occurring in 1800 it had her stomach in cabana is Joe Massino editor of NASA rocket I wanna wait hakama hottest engage it be no dodge or no and so we spoke at the ministerial last year and there were some good discussions but this year I hope to see some results that we take some urgent steps to protect these religious minorities in Iraq because the these minorities are disappearing from that region and if we do not act quickly and swiftly this is going to be an issue and these minorities will not be able to return to their homes my hope is that we can work on steps including helping these minorities to return to their homeland to provide protection and services for them so that they're able to live with dignity and and safety these minorities have suffered genocide and they've suffered hardship but they're the ones that are facing still facing hardship after the liberation of these areas after Isis was defeated there are cells suffering and this is something that we need to do well thank you we're coming up we've come up to the end of our time and we ran all the over and I know that there are other questions from the audience unfortunately we have to wrap it up here but I'm pleased to report that Nadia has kindly agreed that she will come back to us IP and we will have I'll go deeper on some of the these issues so and be on the lookout for that and I want to conclude with saying that you are here you're watching online now you are watching the video of this event in the future because you care about issues of recovery from genocide and the heinous crimes that Isis perpetrated but as you've heard from our previous speakers from from Nadia and I can also report from the work of u.s. IP in Iraq that our work is not done a lot more lies ahead and we really need to keep at these issues if we want to address the immediate issues and we want to turn the the never again to into a reality we need to keep at this issues especially now as the attention is shifting away to tensions with Iran and other geopolitical challenges you have a part to play in your current role or in your future role so please let's continue to help the survivors and and their communities through the various ways that we we identified through this conversation and we'll identify in other conversations so thank you Nadia thank you AB I really appreciate your time and you're helping with the translation as well please join me oh yes Kelly knows big rock hard working Jeannie Allen Donovan Skellig Taiwan is yeah I'm Nadia initiative lady Ramona's multi-tiered worker relief international ooh yeah it Forenza wanna come mr. chicken Mazzara chicken had a feminine no I'm Zanna banana ham Aikido HSR do yoga be a chicken NASA rocket calc a car be vada make mr. Spock Mazzara hide a v1 a beggar Chewbacca is dima sahib sermon a new Jerrica de carbón big revelation of eternal sermon taco I'm happy to be here again thank you so much for being with us today I just hope that we can all work together to make sure that Isis is goal does not get accomplished and we make sure that religious minorities can exist in that region and can survive in that region I'm very appreciative of the support from the Taiwanese government one word about Nadia's initiative is that this support will go through our partners we do not do these projects ourselves it will be these four projects will be implemented with our partners such as relief international on wash and and livelihood projects we are working with the French NGO genderless qua that will build a hospital in Sinjar and we hope that these projects will be something that all communities in Sinjar can use Muslims easy these Christians and this will be a way to start conversation and interaction between these communities and build social cohesion between these different communities in Sinjar [Applause] thank you again yeah thank you everybody for joining us thank you

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