Economic Freedom in Action: Changing Lives – Trailer

SYLVIA BANDA: We were seven girls in the family
and one boy, and this boy was the last born. The fellow villagers kept on laughing at my
father. I started asking myself, is it a crime to be born a girl?
So it was from that time I declared anything that a man can do, I can also do it. (Music) NORBERG: Sylvia and Hector Banda’s new
business would focus on the distribution of locally grown Zambian foods. But getting produce from farmers in the remote
countryside proved a challenge, as was creating a process to maintain modern standards for
food quality. DAE SUNG KIM (Speaking foreign): When I escaped
from North Korea, I was 27. I crossed the Changbai Shan River into China. There were too many North Korean security guards patrolling there. So I walked the mountain trails at night with
no food for a week. I went hiding during the day, and walked the trails at night again. The North Korean defectors have no relatives
in the South. They are mostly single, and have no property. So borrowing money is the hardest thing for
them, and also the most important thing. (Foreign speaking) NORBERG: Dae Sung meets regularly with
the various owners to discuss business issues, cultural differences, and basic moral support.
North Korean refugees have many challenges. They often change their names, in order to
avoid arrest and reprisals to their relatives who are still living in the North. Then, they
find they are not so easily integrated into the south. Ok-Bun and her family escaped from North Korea
2 years ago. OK-BUN (Speaking foreign): I escaped with
my husband, myself, and two sons. Mr. Kim helped us with loans. That was how
we got started. DAE SUNG KIM: I expect that someday North
Korea will open her doors. When it does happen, the former North Korean defectors will be
experienced business people backed with funds; then we’ll be able to play our roles in
the reconstruction of North Korea NORBERG: Katarina Rybarikova had an idea…
she would bring the growing Paul Frank brand, with its distinctive monkey logo, from America
to Eastern Europe. KATARINA RYBÁRIKOVÁ: Now we are the only
official Paul Frank store in Europe. It was really so easy. NORBERG: Katarina has hired her brother,
Erik, to manage product research in her growing business. Their mother, Olga, is the bookkeeper. OĽGA RYBÁRIKOVÁ (Speaking foreign): Katarina
is a fascinating person, and I’m not saying that just because she’s my daughter. I’m
very proud of her and Erik, of what they have achieved, and I’m happy to be a part of
such a company. KATARINA RYBÁRIKOVÁ: I am happy that I live
now, and I didn’t live before. NORBERG: John Hernandez grew up in a small
Chilean village. He went to work on a beekeeping farm to learn the trade and after 5 years,
he, his 2 brothers and sister pooled their money to invest in their own beekeeping business. HERNANDEZ (Speaking foreign): The bee health
situation was very bad. So we got serious about our professionalism. We were no longer
peasant beekeepers that we were at the beginning. We had to turn our company around and incorporate
technology, and to do that, we had to hire experts and bring them from abroad so we could
be taught how to save our bees. We trained ourselves and educated our workers. NORBERG: But maintaining the health of
his bees was not going to grow the business. John needed a new source of income. His research
led him to a large French bee producer in desperate need of new hives. John’s company
began exporting queen bees, and even full hives, to France. Since Chile has one of the
most open trade policies in South America, implementing this new source of income was
not difficult. John and his family had made a new life for
themselves and for others in their community. For his parents, such success would have been
unthinkable. VERONICA CEREZOS (Speaking foreign): My name
is Veronica Cerezos and my micro-factory is FIBRA DISEÑO Y HOGAR. We manufacture loom,
weaved and felt objects. We make rugs, throws, and cushions. And we are planning on making
curtains and sheets in the future, all home decor. So far, we have made twenty-thousand pesos
we have saved. With that money, we will buy some wool to make a rug that was ordered. NORBERG: Today Veronica and her partners
are moving into their new workshop. CEREZOS: We want to prove that even though
we live in an encampment, we can do it. We want to have more income, and at the same
time make our business grow, so we can employ our own people, all of those that live here
at the encampment. That is why we decided to do our workshop right here where we live. (Speaking foreign) NORBERG: New-found economic freedom is changing lives. (Music)

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