Here is Germany

♪ [music] ♪ – [Narrator 1] This was Germany,
a beautiful country. ♪ [music] ♪ A historic country. ♪ [music] ♪ A prosperous country. ♪ [music] ♪ A modern country. ♪ [music] ♪ The German people, a
clean and tidy people. ♪ [music] ♪ An educated people. ♪ [music] ♪ A musical people. ♪ [music] ♪ An industrious people. ♪ [music] ♪ These people look all right.
The mailman, the farmer, the cop, they all look pretty much like the folks
back home. Holding down jobs, raising families, enjoying life. They
certainly look like the kind of people we can understand. – [Narrator 2] Or can we? A quiet,
decent people, who prepared 20 years to bring war into the world. A religious people,
who burn churches, imprison ministers, persecute the faithful. A kindly people,
who accept blood purges, pogroms, concentration camps. A gentle
people, who torture, starve, exterminate. These were men. They died in
German concentration camps. ♪ [music] ♪ These, too, were men.
They did not quite die. ♪ [music] ♪ These bones were men, women, and children,
sent to be exterminated in a German death factory. This is a scientifically
designed gas chamber. This, a furnace for burning
the corpses. This, the clothing of the victims,
which the Germans methodically salvaged. These, the children’s toys,
carefully collected for the use of German children. These are objects of art made by
German guards. Objects of art made of human skin. ♪ [music] ♪ These were Poles, murdered by
the Germans before they left Lubin. These were Italians, murdered by the
Germans before they left Rome. ♪ [music] ♪ These were Belgians, murdered by the
Germans before they left Bande. These were Americans, defenseless
prisoners of war, murdered by the Germans near Malmedy. ♪ [music] ♪ These are some of the
reasons why the German farmer, and the German mailman, and the German cop
can’t be quite like the people back home. That’s why we’ve got to look a little
deeper into the German character, the character of a people who plunged the
world into two wars in one generation, and each time claimed that they were
victims of a pack. That’s the puzzle we’ve got to solve if we’re to save our children
from a third war. The puzzle of that clean, industrious people, fond
of kids, fond of music, fond of tyranny, fond of aggression,
fond of gas chambers. – What gave the Germans that character?
What makes them think, act, feel this way? Hitler would’ve answered,
“German blood.” We don’t take so hopeless of you. Too many of our friends and
neighbors have had German blood, that same blood that we
have seen in great Americans. ♪ [music] ♪ For what makes an American is not any
special, precious sort of blood, but the tradition we have inherited. It’s
tradition not blood that patterns the way we think and act and feel. Our ancestors
came here to escape tyranny, that’s part of the American tradition.
That’s why no American can believe in any government that is not of the people, by
the people, and for the people. They came to be able to pray in any way
they wanted or in any church they wanted. That’s why freedom of religion is part of
our tradition. In school, we learned that none of us is any better
than any other American, or anybody else in the world, for that
matter. But there is no privileged few that all men have equal rights. That’s the
tradition we were brought up in at home, at school, among our friends, at our jobs.
That is the tradition that has made us what we are. ♪ [music] ♪ Now, what is the tradition
that has made this man? How does it differ from ours?
That’s what we have to find out. These Germans were selected by Nazi
cameras as ideal German types. Let’s call one of them Carl Schmitt, a
self-turned member of the master race, who goose-stepped his way across an entire
continent. His father did the same goose-step and followed the same road of
conquest. And the grandfather of Carl Schmitt did the same goose-step and drew
the same path of aggression. The same goose-step, the same will of
aggression, the same lust for conquest. You knew their leader as Hitler, your
father knew the leader as the Kaiser, your grandfather remembers
Bismarck. You faced the Nazi menace. Your father’s generation was threatened by
the Huns. In your grandfather’s day, they were the Prussians. The Nazis, the
Huns, the Prussians. Three different names for three generations of Germans,
attempting to inflict their will upon others by force. Three generations
following a tradition so different from ours. – Let’s go back even further and see how
this tradition began. A hundred and fifty years ago, there was no single
country called Germany. Instead, a loose conglomeration of 300 little states
without a common history, religion, or literature. In America, even at that time,
we were living under the democratic constitution we enjoy today. The British
could look back on hundreds of years of parliamentary government. The French had
made their revolution in the name of liberty, equality, fraternity. But the 300
little German states were still the property of autocratic princes, and ruled
without the consent of their peoples. Not one had a constitution, not one had a
parliament, not one had freedom of speech, or of the press, or of assembly. Instead,
a rigidly organized medieval society, with all power centralized in the hands of the
feudal lords. The prime example of this was Prussia, the most aggressive of
the German states, where the Junkers, the military cast of landowners, ruled
their peasants with iron discipline. To perpetuate this feudal militaristic
society, the Prussian king, Frederick the Great, established a rigid
code of laws, administered by a host of state officials, answerable only to him.
This was the perfect system to prevent any rise of liberty among his subjects. It was
also the perfect system to make possible ruthless aggression against the world. “I
begin by taking. I shall find scholars afterward to demonstrate
my perfect right.” And he took. First,
he invaded Prussia’s brother country, Austria,
without a declaration of war. [gunfire and explosions] Result? Victory. ♪ [music] ♪ For seven years, he fought single-handed
against Austria, Russia, Sweden, and France. [explosions] Thus creating, throughout
the other German states, the myth that Prussian
arms were invincible. ♪ [music] ♪ In 1786, Frederick died, but Frederick’s
state and Frederick’s dream of conquest lived on. Nurtured and developed by the
Prussian militarists who regarded each war as only one campaign in an unending war
for Prussian supremacy in Europe. To this end, Scharnhorst, the organizer,
and Gneisenau, the strategist, established the Prussian general staff.
Von Clausewitz, the theorist, set down their gospel in his famous book,
“Vom Kriege,” On War. Just as Prussia has been fated to be the core of Germany, so
Germany will be the core of the future German empire of the west. Clausewitz’s
book became the bible of the Prussian militarists. “Conquered people shall be
left with nothing but their eyes to weep with.” But even as the militarists were
plotting, a wave of liberalism swept over Europe. Its eddies reached even
Prussia, and ordinary men began to think for themselves and to demand
what had long been accepted in America, England, and France. A constitution. The
King of Prussia answered, “Never must a scrap of paper come between
me and my subjects.” A constitution, a scrap of paper. Some citizens determined
on liberty went to the barricades. The machinery of the
Prussian state went into action. [gunfire] The revolt died. The will to liberty was not strong enough
within the people to defy the voice of authority. One result of which, men with a
love of liberty began to leave Prussia and the other German states. In the next 30
years, 2 million of them came to find freedom in the United States alone. While
their cousins, remaining behind, were molded into ruthless automatons,
ready to follow blindly the will of a leader, and that leader arose. Otto von Bismarck, appointed
Prime Minister of Prussia in 1862. A clever man, a shrewd man, but
devoted to the Prussian dream of conquest, and a master of the Prussian method of
achieving it. “The great questions of the day will not be decided by resolutions of
majorities, but by blood and iron.” And to go with it, ruthless discipline at
home. “As soon as anybody can show me that it is sound policy, I shall be equally
satisfied to see our troops fire at the French, the Russians, the English, or the
Austrians.” Two years after Bismarck became prime minister, he
provoked a war against Denmark. ♪ [music] ♪ [explosion] ♪ [music] ♪ The result? Victory. ♪ [music] ♪ Two years later, against Austria. ♪ [music] ♪ Result? Another victory. ♪ [music] ♪ Four years later, the great test against
France. An amazed world stood by as Prussia, until then, a minor power, dared
to challenge the strongest nation in Europe. ♪ [music] ♪ Result? Another victory. ♪ [music] ♪ This was the moment of triumph that
changed the history of the world. The Prussian dream of conquest was no
longer a dream. The German princes saw the Prussian eagles soaring triumphant in the
European sky. Now they clambered on the bandwagon and united under Prussian
leadership to form the German Empire. And in the Hall of Mirrors in Versailles,
heart of defeated France, Bismarck saw his Prussian
king, crowned German Emperor, absolute monarch of a new empire founded
on blood, iron, and conquest. Its symbol? Victoria, emblem of victory.
Not the liberty bell, not the Magna Carta, not liberté,
égalité, fraternité, not any symbol of freedom, but Victoria, the symbol of
conquest. Thus, Prussia had created Germany, and the myth of Prussian
superiority had become the myth of the master race. And if the Carl Schmitt of
that generation had any worries about the liberties that had been denied, they were
now forgotten. In this moment of triumph, just to be a German was enough. In the newly-created ripe industry flourished as never before. The merchant fleet grew
larger every day. German harbors were
jammed with commerce, and German stomachs
filled with beer and sausage. Germany had achieved unity, become rich,
no other country threatened her. The world hoped for a peaceful good
neighbor, but the world had forgotten the Prussian tradition that Germany had
inherited. A tradition not of peace and friendship, but of war and conquest. [men screaming and gunfire] [singing in German] And by now, Carl Schmitt of the second
generation, the father of the Carl Schmitt we had to fight, was arrogantly singing
Deutschland, Deutschland Über Alles. Germany, Germany over all, as he proudly
watched his fatherland becoming the most aggressively nationalistic country in the
world. Industry was carefully controlled to accord with the policies of the Great
General Staff. For in the new reich, Bismarck had added a fourth pillar to the
structure of the war-like state. Frederick’s militarists, landowners, and
state officials had been joined by the big industrialists. A gigantic railroad system
was laid out, more according to strategic war plans than the necessities of
peacetime trade. One of the largest navies was constructed. The army was
built up to staggering proportions. ♪ [music] ♪ And the German officer was the idol of the
nation, the personification of German ambition. In German colleges, the sport of
German youth was not football, but the deadly duel. The scar was the badge of
honor. The more scars, the handsomer. Did they not prove the man’s
prowess in arms? And contentedly watching all stood the Great General Staff, still
directed by the Prussian Junkers, securing the knowledge that their power
and authority was indisputable. Germany was geared for war. All it needed
was a new leader to give the word, and again, that leader was at
hand. Wilhelm II of Hohenzollern, the Kaiser that your father knew. Not a
shrewd clever cynic like Bismarck, but a vain and arrogant bragger, yet a
leader in the German tradition. “We Germans like to bear arms and we like
the game of war. I shall enlarge your borders.” And what did Carl Schmitt’s
father say to all this? [cheering] “A German spark has always ignited the
fire. Soon, everything will be aflame.” [cheering] Through one international
crisis after the other, the Kaiser rattled his sword, loudly demanding Germany’s
place in the sun. In vain, the other powers proposed an international
agreement for general disarmament. But disarmament didn’t suit the plans of
the German militarists, landowners, state officials, or
industrialists. They wanted their own way, and their own way meant war. War,
therefore, was inevitable. It only needed an incident. [gunfire] ♪ [music] ♪ [tank firing] And how did this second-generation Carl
Schmitt react to the prospect of a world war? Berlin took on
the air of a carnival. [cheering] [drum beats] ♪ [music] ♪ Blindly, joyfully, the people cheered the
Kaiser, eager to follow a leader on the renewed march to conquest. Thus, in August
of 1914, Carl Schmitt of the second generation, indoctrinated with
150 years of Prussian tradition, marched off to set the world aflame. [drum beat] [cheering] Had he not been taught? Did he not believe
that whatever Germany demands is right? [explosion] Even when he marched through
Belgium, dismissing a solemn neutrality pact as a scrap of paper. [explosion] Even when German
scientists developed poison gasses in violation of international
agreements, which Germany had solemnly signed. [explosion] Even when in violation
of all the agreed codes of war, German U-boats deliberately sent to the
bottom unarmed merchant ships without warning. [explosion] Thus, what his father
had done to France, to Denmark, to Austria, this second-generation Carl
Schmitt attempted to do to the world. Our own President Wilson said, “I was, for
a little while, unable to believe that such things would, in fact, be done by any
government that had subscribed to the human practices of civilized nations.” [explosion] ♪ [music] ♪ But only when we realized that we were
directly threatened, only when every protest had been ignored, and Germany had
carried the war right into our home waters did we feel compelled to fight. ♪ So prepare, say a prayer,
Send the word, send the word to beware, ♪ ♪ We’ll be over, we’re coming over,
And we won’t come back till it’s over, ♪ ♪ over there ♪ ♪ [music] ♪ [explosions] ♪ [music] ♪ [gunfire and explosions] Finally, under the combined attack of the
Allies, the German Army started to crumble, to fall back, to run from battle.
Germany was at the mercy of the Allies. General von Ludendorff, the German
chief of staff and virtual dictator, was forced to send a secret message to the
Berlin government. “The offer of peace must be transmitted immediately, the army
cannot wait another 48 hours.” The Allies could grant the armistice or
fight on to unconditional surrender. Georges Clémenceau, the wartime French
leader, urged that the Allies should march triumphant into Berlin. Our own General
Pershing said, “Complete victory can only be obtained by continuing the war until we
force unconditional surrender.” But the world would not listen. So golden was the
thought of peace that the armistice was granted. We celebrated, not only because
the war was over, but because it seemed that we had put an end to German
militarism forever. Hadn’t the German Army been beaten? Hadn’t the
German plan for conquest failed? [cheering] Hadn’t the Kaiser
had to run away to Holland, and his war leader,
Ludendorff, to seek refuge in Sweden? And wasn’t Germany now a republic,
apparently, like our own, based on liberty and equality? Didn’t that prove that Carl
Schmitt had rid himself of the old German tradition? That’s what your father thought
as he celebrated in 1918, but let’s see what had really happened.
When defeat was imminent, the men who had caused the war stepped
conveniently into the background, leaving the weak opposition parties to
take over. That was how overnight Germany became a republic. It had elected
representatives, all the appearances of democracy. But beneath the surface, the
old German system went on as before. The state officials of the Kaiser’s empire
were the state officials of the new republic. The industrialists of the empire
ran the industry of the republic. Even the same teachers presided over the
same classrooms, preaching the same gospel of nationalism and German racial
superiority. And above all, the general staff of the empire continued to function,
even though secretly. The old Germany still lived, and Carl
Schmitt, too, had never really changed. In the first place, he never believed that
his armies had been defeated. During the four years of the war, he had
been told only of an unending string of victories. News of defeat had been kept
from him. And when the fighting ceased, wasn’t his glorious army still on foreign
soil, Germany itself still uninvaded? And because Germany was granted an
armistice instead of being forced to unconditional surrender, Carl Schmitt
never saw Allied soldiers marching through his capital. Instead, the German Army,
home again after the armistice. Bands playing, colors flying. ♪ [music] ♪ Like the army of
Frederick the Great. ♪ [music] ♪ Like Bismarck’s army. ♪ [music] ♪ Certainly not like a
conquered army. “Why then had Germany
signed an armistice?” Carl Schmitt asked himself.
Why a year and a half later, what he called, the Shame Treaty of Versailles?
Why was Germany, in his judgment, an undefeated Germany,
accepting the penalties of defeat? ♪ [music] ♪ Bitter, [inaudible], Carl Schmitt was
looking for a scapegoat. He found one. The one the German war leaders
had always planned that he should find.
Carl Schmitt never blamed the men who had caused the war. Instead, he
blamed the men who had signed the peace. Thus, in Carl Schmitt’s distorted
thinking, the ill-fated German Republic meant a bunch of traitors that had
stabbed the fatherland in the back. And the general staff, the great
landowners, the industrialists, the state officials smiled contentedly.
Not only had they escaped blame themselves, but they had smeared the idea
of democracy in Germany. It was a blow from which it would never
recover. Carl Schmitt would go back to the old tradition, the tradition of Frederick
and Bismarck and the Kaiser. The tradition of militarism and war. But
wasn’t the Versailles Treaty designed to prevent Carl Schmitt starting
another war, even if he wanted to? By this treaty, the Germans agreed to
disband the general staff, to limit their army to 100,000 men, to
hand over their fleet, to demilitarize the Rhineland and coastal fortifications. [explosion] They bound themselves
never again to build an air force or submarines. And to enforce
the treaty, Allied troops would occupy the west bank of the Rhine. The Cologne sector
for 5 years, the Koblenz sector for 10, the Mainz sector for 15. Further, there
was the League of Nations, designed to prevent Germany or any other
country from starting a war of aggression. Yet, only 20 years later, the Carl
Schmitts of our generation were on their way again for another try at
smashing the world into submission. ♪ [music] ♪ How was Carl Schmitt able to rearm so
quickly? Like every other country after the last war, Germany faced hard times.
But in Germany, careful manipulation made its results much worse for the millions of
Carl Schmitts. Inflation made clever financiers rich and canceled the
huge debts of the big landowners. It broke Carl Schmitt. Then came the
depression. That cost him his job. So hunger was added to his resentment and
bitterness. This was the moment for which the unholy quartet had waited. Now the
militarists, the landowners, the state officials, the industrialists
emerged from their self-sought obscurity. Their plans were ready. Now they went to
work. “What is the cause of your troubles?” Shouted Schacht of the
Reichsbank. “The Treaty of Versailles.” “Who signed the treaty?” Asked the reactionary newspapers.
“The democrats.” “And why are you starving?” Said Krupp, the munitions
king. “To pay for reparations.” “Who started the war?” Said the Crown Prince.
“The French.” “Who lost the war?” Asked Hindenburg. “The democrats, the
communists, the traitors.” And Carl Schmitt listened. He was hearing the story
he wanted to hear. “You victim of a vast conspiracy,” he told himself. The world
was against him. Once again, he was being taught to hate, once again, he was
thirsting for revenge. And revenge was possible because the world allowed him to
tear up the Versailles Treaty clause by clause. Instead of enforcing it, we Americans
refused to sign it and withdrew our army of occupation after only nine months. The
British, even though Germany was consistently violating it, pulled out
after five years. The French made one final attempt to enforce the treaty and
marched into the Ruhr. But this made them so unpopular, in a
world drenched with heartbreaking German propaganda, that they withdrew sullenly
behind their Maginot line. Now, let’s see what would’ve happened had
the treaty been enforced. Without a general staff, Germany could not
have planned World War II. From a demilitarized Rhineland, she
couldn’t have attacked France or the low countries. Without an air force, she could
not have blitzed Britain. With an army of 100,000, she could
not have attacked the Soviet Union. Without submarines, she could not have
threatened our own Atlantic lifeline. But the Treaty of Versailles was not
enforced, and as for the League of Nations, we refused to join it, and other
countries paid it little more than lip service. So, once again, the Germans began
to march, not in the open at first, but on disguised drill fields, masquerading as
patriotic veteran organizations, or, as the so-called technical auxiliary
court, ostensibly formed to help in case of strikes. Or as [inaudible], vigilante groups
claiming to protect the citizens against communism. Or in school, simply under the
name of calisthenics, but always under the supervision of army officers. The old
German tradition was on its way back. But to the victorious Allies, the German
leaders sang a different tune. Peace, friendship, and a piteous cry for help. – [Franz] Germany’s fate is the
fate of the world. Germany’s distress is the distress of the world. The prosperity
of individual nations is the prosperity of all. – [Wilhelm] I hope one day to come
over to America and visit your beautiful country myself. – [General Von Seeckt] The German
political and economical situation today is extremely difficult. This is the result, not only of having
lost the world war, but above all, the outcome of the fact that Germany’s
former enemies are oppressing her above endurance. – And when the German leaders whined they
were too poor to pay reparations, we believed them. Result? Not only did
they not only pay one penny, but they received additional billions
granted them in loans. It didn’t occur to most of us that they would use this money
to build up their industry for another war. We began to sympathize with Carl
Schmitt. Why should he suffer because his father started a war? Maybe the
Versailles Treaty wasn’t fair. Maybe the French had been too tough, or
maybe it was the British, or maybe Wilson wasn’t very practical.
Once again, we were determined to see only the pleasant side of the German character,
this clean and tidy people, this musical people, this industrious
people. This historic country, this beautiful country. But behind this
peaceful facade, the Germans prepared again for aggression. ♪ [music] ♪ And as Germany began to rearm, its leaders
planned the deathblow for the German republic. True, they had already taken it
over for their purposes. Installing the aged von Hindenburg as president. But it was still in structure a democracy. And that meant liberals and
unions and free speech and a free opposition. And the German leaders knew,
as Frederick and Bismarck and the Kaiser had known, that you can’t start ruthless
aggression abroad without ruthless discipline at home. Therefore, the time
had come for the republic to be eliminated. To achieve this, they needed a
tool with which to appeal to the German’s old passion for superiority and conquest.
Not a futile monarch this time, like Frederick, nor an aristocratic landowner
like Bismarck, nor an emperor like the Kaiser, but an ex-corporal of the German
Army, with a fanatic gleam in his eye and the power to arouse a mob. [cheering] Preaching the same
old doctrine as his predecessors, the old doctrine that had
never failed to arouse the German people. – [Crowd] Heil, mein Führer! – Himself jobless, uneducated,
cowardly, resentful. Hitler gathered around in misfits like
himself, people obsessed with grievances, real or imaginary, people who weren’t as
prominent as they thought they should be. People with inferiority complexes who
wanted to shout with the crowd. People who wanted power but were too lazy
to work for it. Sheep anxious to be led, dope addicts, perverts, bullies, cranks.
Unfortunately, those Germans who were liberally-minded regarded Hitler
as either a joke or a nuisance, but the German nationalists well knew his
possibilities. They knew that he was capable of administering the
death blow to the German Republic, forging the German people into a single
mold. Backed by the militarists who saw in him their chance to build a mighty war
machine. Backed by the monarchists who saw in him their chance to restore the
Hohenzollerns to the throne. Backed by big business who saw in him
their chance of economic domination of the world. Backed by thousands of ordinary
Germans who saw in him their chance to strut as conquerors across the world. With the backing of all these groups,
Hitler soared ahead. Skillfully appealing to the German tradition, the old cry of
the master race, the Nazis promised all things to all men. To the workers, they
promised higher wages, to the employers, lower wages. To the tenants, they promised
lower rents, to the landlords, higher rents. To the farmer, higher
prices. To the consumer, lower prices. But most of all, they promised revenge on
the world, that Germany would become its most powerful empire. Hitler [inaudible] his audience,
and by 1933, the Nazis received more votes than any other political party,
and von Hindenburg installed Hitler as its leader, as German Chancellor. This was the
deathblow the nationalists had planned. From that moment, the German Republic was
dead. Four weeks later the Nazis set fire to the Reichstag and screamed that the
crime had been committed by the communists. Using this as an excuse,
Hitler declared a state of emergency and assumed dictatorial powers. From this, it
was only a step to the abolition of all political parties. In the new Reichstag,
there was only one party, Hitler’s party. In the new Reichstag, there was no debate,
the deputies were stooges who applauded, got paid, went home. Trade unions were
abolished. Instead, the German labor front, to discipline the workers and
teach them what to think. Music, literature, all outlawed or destroyed,
unless it supported what the German leaders were trying to sell. Scientists,
physicians, their professions were banned to them unless they supported the Nazi
ideology. Bismarck had added the industrialist as the fourth pillar of the
war-like state. Hitler added a fifth, the professional gangsters, armed
thugs to enforce his decrees. And if the German officer had been the
ideal of the Kaiser’s Germany, the Stormtrooper became the idol of
Hitler’s. Persecution was on the march. Freedom of speech? Now that meant the
concentration camp. Torture, death. Freedom of religion? Riots and
church burnings. Freedom of opinion? The executioner and his ax. Freedom of
the press? The Gestapo took care of that. Now Carl Schmitt could be indoctrinated
like his father and his grandfather before him, but this time, even more thoroughly.
More efficiently, with all the resources of science in the modern state. [explosions] The German press became a Nazi press. The
German airwaves opened only to Nazi voices. Nazi papers, Nazi books, Nazi
pamphlets. These were all the people could read. Nazi speeches, Nazi dramas,
Nazi music. These were all the people could hear. The art of Germany, the
sculpture, the paintings, the drama, all regimented to serve one purpose, the
indoctrination of Carl Schmitt. One voice only must be heard by Carl
Schmitt, one voice, from the cradle to the grave. The voice of Hitler. Hitler, Hitler. Scores of microphones and
cameras were used to photograph Hitler and record his voice so that all of Germany
and others throughout the world could receive his message of hate and hypocrisy.
So Hitler was photographed from the front, from the back, from the right,
from the left. From every angle. Hitler, Hitler, Hitler. Hitler sobbing,
Hitler smiling, Hitler shouting, Hitler working his
people into a frenzy. [cheering] “In my schools,
the youth will grow up before which the
world will shrink back.” [cheering] “There must be no
tenderness in youth. I want to see in their
eyes the gleam of the beast of pray.” [cheering] “Brutality is respected.
I shall spread terror.” [cheering] “Today, Germany.
Tomorrow, the world.” [cheering] ♪ [music] ♪ [cheering] – That’s how Carl Schmitt got his soul,
that’s how the general staff, the big industrialists, the state
officials, the landowners, the gangster chieftains put their plans into effect and
prepared Carl Schmitt for his generation’s attempt to smash the world into
submission. That’s how Carl Schmitt was trained for conquest, just as his father
was trained by the leaders of his generation, and his father before him.
Each generation accepting and adding to the German tradition. The tradition of
ruthlessness and medieval barbarism. The tradition of a master race. The
tradition of German superiority. A false picture of the world inside German
heads. These are some of the explanations for the murdered Poles in Lubin. [cheering] The murdered Italians in Rome. [cheering] The murdered Belgians at Bande. [cheering] The murdered Americans at Malmedy. [cheering] And these are the reasons why
in our generation nearly 30 million men have had to die, because deep
in the soul of Carl Schmitt has been planted the love of aggression and
conquest. And unless that passion is uprooted, 10, 20, or 100 years hence, a new
generation of Germans will find a new leader who will
show them the way. How shall that be prevented? [explosion] – A sound beginning has been made. This
time, things are being done differently. At the end of the last war, an
armistice by negotiation. This time, unconditional surrender. Today, Carl
Schmitt knows beyond the shadow of a doubt that he was defeated. At the end of the
last war, German armies parading through Berlin. This time… ♪ [music] ♪ …the legend of German invincibility lies
once and for all a shattered myth. After the last war, the German general
staff continued to function. Today, not only the general staff but the
entire German officer’s core will be dissolved and they will be forever
prevented from plotting another German attempt at world conquest. After the last
war, German industry was unimpaired. Today, much of it lies in ruins, and such
undamaged industrial plants as they’re permitted to operate will operate under
Allied control. After the last war, the same state officials remained in
office. Today, any Nazi is forever barred from having authority. After the last war,
the Kaiser found refuge in Holland and anyone else who thought they were in any
danger ran away. Today, proven war criminals must
answer for their crimes. [gunfire] After the last war, German
education was untouched. Today, all Nazi doctrine
has been destroyed, new textbooks prepared for German youth.
Under our direction, not the German’s. After the last war, this small area of
Germany was occupied. Today, every square inch is under the authority
of Allied troops. At the end of the last war, this was the government of
Germany. Today, this is the government. We have come to Germany not as liberators,
but as conquerors, and this time, we shall remain for 10 years, for 20, if necessary,
forever. Carl Schmitt himself will determine how long, for we shall not leave
until Carl Schmitt has come to realize that he himself is responsible for not
only the past, but the future. We have rid him of Hitler and the general
staff, and Nazism, and militarism, but we have no rid him of Frederick, and
Bismarck, and the Kaiser, of his history and his tradition. That, he
must do for himself. Until he does, he is still a potential enemy of
civilization. Only when he does can he take his place in the society of man. Then
and then only will the German farmer, the German mailman, the German
cop be like the folks back home. Then and then only can beautiful
Germany, industrious Germany, cultured Germany, join the
peaceful nations of the world. ♪ [music] ♪

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