Hello, and welcome back to Jenna Gets Creative!
Today we are doing the #ColorsoftheMonth for July. As some of you may know, this used to
be #CopicColors, the “Copic Colors” monthly challenge, but .too, the makers of Copi overc
in Japan, they cancelled their contract with Imagination Inc. So they’re not longer able
to specifically do Copics. Universe of Markers is their new name. Their website is Marker
Universe (markeruniverse.com), don’t ask me why they’ve got both going on. They’ve changed
it to “Colors of the Month,” and they have several brands that they do. So for July they
want us to go bold. They have assigned us a bright, deep purple, a pale purple, and
a fuchsia. So for Copic, they specifically want us to use BV04, BV01 and RV14. I will
put them up on the screen with the actual colour names. I didn’t write that down. Since
they can’t sell Copic they’re not really pushing the Copic part. For alternate colours they
did give us hex codes. I will have that down in the description below. I’m not reading
out hex codes! For Graph’It markers, which is an interesting brand from France, they
want you to use Lavender, Rose Quartz, and Aqua. Aqua’s kind of a weird colour name for
a purple, but apparently it is! For Winsor & Newton, they want us to use Violet, Magenta,
and Lilac. Now Violet in Winsor & Newton only comes in Promarker, which is the bullet nib,
so I don’t have it. I do have magenta and lilac. I am replacing the Spectra AD violet
instead. And if you want to use Winsor & Newton’s watercolour, they do have a violet and a magenta
shade. I will have the exact colour names listed down below. And you’re just supposed
to water down that violet to get the lighter violet. So yeah, very interesting. I’m going
to do a piece inspired by the colour names. We have violet, we have lilac, and although
this one specifically is magenta, they did in general say that we are using fuchsia,
so lilac, violet, fuchsia. The colours selected for this month are all
names of flowering plant families, so I thought it would be cool to do something with that.
“Violet” encompasses as many as 600 species of annual and perennial flowers and a few
shrubs as well, including wild and domestic “violets” and violas, and the larger flowered
pansies, which are a personal favourite of mine. Despite the name, not all of the flowers
in this group are purple, but many are. “Lilac” is the common name of a species of shrubs
and small trees in the olive family which produces groups of small, tubular flowers
that are usually a pale purple (lilac or mauve) or occasionally white in colour. Fuchsia is
a genus of flowering shrubs and trees first discovered on the island of Hispaniola, and
some of the shrubs species are also among my favourite flowers. These plants produce
tubular flowers as well, mostly also in groups, and typically these flowers bloom downward.
There’s always a brilliant pink colour involved, hence the name fuchsia, though some species
will also have a deep purple or a white secondary colour. My favourites are the shorter blossoms
with the purple inner layer. So off I went, sketching various species of
each of these plants in my sketch book so I would have a good variety of references
on hand. When I was done, I figured I would draw something recognizable, but made entirely
out of these flowers. I went over to Pixabay and just started browsing recent photo uploads,
and a photo of the Eiffel Tower caught my eye. Thus, here I am, creating the piece I
affectionately call “Eiffel Flowers.” I picked the Eiffel Tower for more than just
the iconic shape to use in this piece, though. There’s an interesting copyright issue associated
with the Eiffel Tower, and I figured that artistic and photographic copyrights would
be a good talking point for this video. By the way, if you’re new here, please do
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leave a comment down below. I love reading your comments, and I do reply to everyone.
I’d love to hear your thoughts on the topic I’m about to discuss.
Let’s start basic. Copyright refers to the laws that protect the creator or owner of
something unique or distinct. An artist holds the copyright to the artworks he or she creates,
unless those rights are signed away to a buyer or licensed to a company, and these rights
protect the work from being copied without permission. Similarly, the copyright holder
of a photograph is, by default, the photographer. The person who took the photo. (Or in some
cases, the animal that took the photo. Look up the monkey selfie copyright dispute!) Copyrights
expire after a certain time frame depending on the country the copyright holder is from.
Usually this is between 50 and 100 years after the holder’s death. When copyright is held
by a company rather than an individual, they can essentially hold the copyright forever.
(Think Disney.) Copyrights can be transferred to another party
by agreement or sale, or the original copyright holder can waive some or all of their rights.
Things that are in the “public domain” have no copyright. This includes all works for
which the copyright is expired, and all works where the original copyright holder chose
to give up their rights completely. Another form of waived rights is Creative Commons,
where the rights holder releases their work for use and transformative works, either to
private individuals, commercial parties, or both, usually under an attribution or “share
and share alike” clause. The website I mentioned earlier, Pixabay, is an image sharing website
where everything uploaded is released by the uploader under a Creative Commons license.
(Not sponsored, by the way.) For artists who work from photo references
(something that I strongly encourage!) photographer copyright is a very important thing to understand.
If you don’t have specific permission from the photographer of the photo you’re referencing,
then you should be using photos that are released under something like a Creative Commons license,
or photos that are in the public domain. If you use a copyrighted photo without permission,
the photographer can come after you when you share your work if they see it. If you’re
sharing your work anywhere online, they can find it. If you’re selling the piece and your
buyer shares it online, they can find it. Similarly, be careful when doing “fan art.”
Some companies, like Disney, really don’t want anybody making money off of their characters.
If you’re just doing fan art for your own sake and sharing it, but not earning anything
from it, you’re probably fine. If you’re a popular print artist and you’re selling prints
of your Disney fan art, the Mouse might be after your pocket book!
Where does the Eiffel Tower come into this topic, you ask? There’s a provision in copyright
laws in most jurisdictions known (in English) as “Freedom of Panorama.” This means that
although permanent (and semi-permanent) physical items in public spaces such as buildings,
statues, sculptures, murals, etc. might have a copyright that is owned by an individual,
a architectural firm, or whatever, because it’s in a public space and unavoidable due
to its permanence, no copyright infringement is committed by taking photographs or filming
those objects. France doesn’t have a provision like this, which means “new” art (in terms
of copyright lifespans) cannot legally be photographed or filmed without permission
from the copyright holder. In the case of the Eiffel Tower, although the original architect’s
copyright on the tower itself is expired, the lighting on the tower is not. This means
night time photos and films depicting the tower lit up are copyright infringement. The
more you know, hey?