List of crew-served weapons of the U.S. Armed Forces | Wikipedia audio article


This list contains weapons that are classified
as crew-served, as the term is used in the United States military. While the general understanding is that crew-served
weapons require more than one person to operate them, there are important exceptions in the
case of both squad automatic weapons (SAW) and sniper rifles. Within the Table of Organization and Equipment
for both the United States Army and the U.S. Marine Corps, these two classes of weapons
are understood to be crew-served, as the operator of the weapon (identified as a marksman or
as a SAW gunner) has an assistant, who carries additional ammunition and associated equipment,
acts as a spotter, and is also fully qualified in the operation of the weapon.==Light and medium machine guns=====In active service=======Light machine guns====
M249 SAW (Squad Automatic Weapon) (5.56×45mm NATO)====General purpose machine guns====
M240B/M240E4 (7.62×51mm NATO) M240G (7.62×51mm NATO) (USMC)===In active service (some branches, secondary
or limited roles)=======Light machine guns====
M27 IAR (Infantry Automatic Rifle) (5.56×45mm) (USMC)
Mk 46 Mod 1 (5.56×45mm NATO) (USSOCOM)====General purpose machine guns====
M240D/M240E1 and M240H/M240E5 (Vehicle Mountable) (7.62×51mm NATO)
M240L/M240E6 (7.62×51mm NATO) (US Army) M60D (Vehicle Mountable) (7.62×51mm NATO)
(USN) M60E3 (7.62×51mm NATO) (USN SEALs)
M60E4/Mk 43 Mod 0/1 (7.62×51mm NATO) (USN) Mk 48 Mod 0/1 (7.62×51mm NATO) (USSOCOM)===Out of service===
HK21 (7.62×51mm NATO, Delta Force, Marines and SEALs only)
XM8 LMG (5.56×45mm NATO) EX 27 Mod 0 (Colt CMG-2; 5.56×45mm)
WAK ‘Interim SAW (5.56×45mm) XM106 (5.56×45mm)
XM262 (HK 21E variant, pre-HK 23E; 5.56×45mm) XM234 (6x45mm, 5.56×45mm)
XM233 (6x45mm) XM235/XM248 (6x45mm, 5.56×45mm)
XM223 CAR-15 HBAR (M1 and M2, 5.56×45mm)
T161 (7.62×51mm NATO) T52 (7.62×51mm NATO)
T44 (.30-06) T24 (.30-06)
T10/T23 (.30-06) M1918A1/A2 BAR (.30-06)
M1922 BAR (.30-06) Johnson M1941 LMG (.30-06, Rangers and Special
Operations Forces only) M14A1 (7.62×51mm NATO)
M15 (7.62×51mm NATO) M16A1 with bipod (5.56×45mm NATO)
XM207/E1/Mk 23 Mod 0 (Stoner 63A1 ‘Commando’; 5.56×45mm NATO)
M1919A6 (.30-06) Lewis Gun (.30-06, Army only)
Chauchat (.30-06, 8 mm Lebel) M1909 Benét–Mercié (Machine Rifle, (.30-06))===Experimental===
AAI Corporation LSAT (Lightweight Small Arms Technologies) LMG (5.56 mm Composite-cased,
Telescoping Ammunition)==Marksman, sniper and anti-materiel rifles
=====In active service (some branches, secondary
or limited roles)=======Designated marksman rifle====
SEAL Recon Rifle (5.56×45mm NATO) (USN SEALs) M16 SDMR (Squad Designated Marksman Rifle)
(5.56×45mm NATO) (US Army) Mk 12 Mod 0/1 SPR (Special Purpose Rifle)
(5.56×45mm NATO) (USSOCOM) M39 EMR (Enhanced Marksman Rifle) (7.62×51mm
NATO) (USMC) Mk 14 Mod 0/1 EBR (Enhanced Battle Rifle)
(7.62×51mm NATO) (USN SEALs, US Army and USCG)
M21A5/M14SE Crazy Horse (7.62×51mm NATO) (US Army and USN)
M25 SWS (Sniper Weapon System) (7.62×51mm NATO) (USSOCOM)
M14 Tactical Rifle (7.62×51mm NATO) (USCG)====Bolt action sniper rifle====
M40A3/A5 (7.62×51mm NATO) (USMC) Mk 13 Mod 5 AWM (Arctic Warfare Magnum) (.300
Winchester Magnum) Mk 21 Mod 0 PSR (Precision Sniper Rifle) (USSOCOM)
M2010 ESR (Enhanced Sniper Rifle) (.300 Winchester Magnum) (US Army)====Semi-automatic sniper rifle====
M110 SASS (Semi-Automatic Sniper System) (Semi-Automatic Sniper Rifle) (7.62×51mm NATO)
Mk 11 Mod 0/1/2 SWS (Sniper Weapon System) (Semi-Automatic Sniper Rifle) (7.62×51mm
NATO) Mk 20 Mod 0 SSR (Sniper Support Rifle) (Semi-Automatic
Sniper Rifle) (7.62×51mm NATO) (USSOCOM)====Anti-materiel rifle====
M82A1M/A3 (Anti-Materiel rifle) (.50 BMG) M107 (Anti-Materiel rifle) (.50 BMG)
Mk 15 Mod 0 LRSW (long-range sniper weapon) (Bolt Action Anti-Materiel Rifle) (.50 BMG)
(USN SEALs)===Out of service=======Designated marksman rifles====
USMC Squad Advanced Marksman Rifle (SAM-R) (Designated Marksman Rifle) (5.56×45mm NATO)
USMC Designated Marksman Rifle (DMR) (Designated Marksman Rifle) (7.62×51mm NATO)
XM8 Sharpshooter (5.56×45mm NATO) Colt Model 655/656 (Selective Fire Marksman
Rifle) (5.56×45mm NATO) (Never Standardized) EX 16 Mod 0 SCAR-L (SV) (Semi-Auto Rifle)
(5.56×45mm NATO) M1C/D Garand (Semi-Automatic Rifle) (.30-06)====Semi-automatic sniper rifles====
Mk 11 Mod 1 (Semi-Automatic Sniper Rifle) (7.62×51mm NATO)
EX 17 Mod 0 SCAR-H (SV) (Semi-Automatic Rifle) (7.62×51mm NATO)
M21 Sniper Weapon System (Semi-Automatic Sniper Rifle) (7.62×51mm NATO)
M25 Sniper Weapon System (Semi-Automatic Sniper Rifle) (7.62×51mm NATO)====Bolt action sniper rifles====
M24 Sniper Weapon System (Bolt Action Sniper Rifle) (7.62×51mm NATO)
M40 (Bolt Action Sniper Rifle) (7.62×51mm NATO)
M40A1 (Bolt Action Sniper Rifle) (7.62×51mm NATO)
M86 (USN SEALs) M1903A4 (Bolt Action Sniper Rifle) (.30-06)
Winchester Model 70 (Bolt-Action Rifle) (.30-06)====Anti-materiel rifle====
M82A1/A1A (Semi-Automatic Anti-Materiel Rifle) (.50 BMG)
M82A2 (Semi-Automatic Anti-Materiel Rifle) (.50 BMG)
Robar RC-50 (Bolt-Action Anti-Materiel Rifle) (.50 BMG)====Random====
Sharps Rifle (Lever-Action Rifle) (.50-90 Sharps)
Whitworth rifle (Single-Shot Muzzle-Loaded Rifle) (.451)===Experimental===
M110 CSASS (Compact Semi-Automatic Sniper System) (Designated Marksman Rifle) (7.62×51mm
NATO) XM109 (Semi-Automatic Anti-materiel rifle)
(25×59 mm) XM500 (Bullpup Semi-Automatic Anti-materiel
rifle ) (.50 BMG)==Machine guns, automatic grenade launchers,
and automatic cannons=====In active service=======Light machine guns====
M249 Family (Light Machine Gun) (5.56×45mm NATO)====Medium machine guns====
M60 Family (Medium Machine Gun) (7.62×51mm NATO)
M240 Family (Medium Machine Gun) (7.62×51mm NATO)
M134D/GAU-17/A (Rotary-Barreled Medium Machine Gun) (7.62×51mm NATO)====Heavy machine guns====
M2HB/M2A1 (Heavy Machine Gun) (Vehicle and Infantry) (.50 BMG)
GAU-15/A/GAU-16/A/GAU-18/A (Heavy Machine Gun) (Helicopter Door Mounted) (.50 BMG)
GAU-21/A (M3M/P) (Heavy Machine Gun) (Helicopter Door Mounted-Faster Firing) (.50 BMG)
GAU-19/A/B (Rotary-Barreled Heavy Machine Gun) (.50 BMG)====Automatic cannons====
M61A1/A2 Vulcan/Mk 15 CIWS (Rotary-Barreled Automatic Cannon) (20×102mm) (USAF: F-15C/D,
F-15E, F-16C/D, F-22A) (USN: F/A-18A/B/C/D, F/A-18E/F, Nimitz, Ford, Wasp, America, Ticonderoga,
Arleigh Burke, Oliver Hazard Perry, Whidbey Island, Harpers Ferry) (USMC: F/A-18A/C/D)
(USCG: Hamilton, Legend) M197 (Rotary-Barreled Automatic Cannon) (20×102mm)
(USMC: AH-1W, AH-1Z) GAU-12/U Equalizer (Rotary Barreled Automatic
Cannon) (25×137mm) (USAF: AC-130U) (USMC: AV-8B)
GAU-22/A Equalizer (Rotary Barreled Automatic Cannon) (25×137mm) (USAF: F-35A) (USMC: F-35B)
(USN: F-35C) M242/Mk 38 Mod 0/2/3 Bushmaster II (Automatic
Cannon) (25×137mm) (US Army: Stryker, M2/M3/M6/M7 Bradley) (USMC: LAV-25) (USN: Wasp, Ticonderoga,
Arleigh Burke, Oliver Hazard Perry, Cyclone, San Antonio, Whidbey Island, Harpers Ferry)
(USCG: Island, Hamilton, Sentinel, USCGC Alex Haley (WMEC-39)
Mk 44 Mod 0/GAU-23/A/Mk 46 Mod 2 Bushmaster II (Automatic Cannon) (30×173mm) (USAF: AC-130W,
AC-130J) (USN: Zumwalt, Independence, Freedom) GAU-8/A Avenger (Rotary Barreled Automatic
Cannon) (30×173mm) (USAF: A-10C) M230 (Automatic Cannon) (30×113mm) (US Army:
AH-64D/E, MH-60L, AH-6M) L/60 Bofors (Automatic Cannon) (40x311mm)
(USAF: AC-130U)====Automatic grenade launchers====
Mk 19 Mod 3 (Automatic Grenade Launcher) (40×53mm) (US Army, USAF, USN, USMC, USCG, USSOCOM)
Mk 47 Mod 0 Stryker (Automatic Grenade Launcher) (40×53mm) (USSOCOM)===Out of service=======Light machine guns====
XM214 (Rotary-Barreled Machine Gun) (5.56×45mm NATO)====Medium machine guns====
EX 34 Mod 0 (Chain-driven Machine Gun, 7.62×51mm NATO)
M73/A1 (Co-axial Machine Gun, 7.62×51mm NATO) M219 (Co-axial Machine Gun, 7.62×51mm NATO)
M1917 (Heavy Machine Gun, .30-06 Springfield) M1919 Family (including Mk 21 Mod 0/1) (Medium
Machine Gun, .30-06 Springfield and 7.62×51mm NATO)
Colt–Browning M1895/1917====Heavy machine guns====
M85/M85C (Heavy Machine Gun) (.50 BMG) XM312 (Heavy Machine Gun) (.50 BMG)
XM806 (Lightweight Heavy Machine Gun) (.50 BMG) (US Army)====Automatic cannons====
M1/AN/M2/M3/M24 (Automatic Cannon, 20×110mm USN)
Mk 16 Mod 4/5 (Automatic Cannon, 20×110mm USN; deck mount versions of the M3 and M24)
M39A1/A2/A3 (Automatic Cannon, 20×102mm; based on the Mauser MG 213C Cannon)
Mk 11 Mod 0/5 (Twin-Barrel Automatic Cannon, 20×110mm USN)
Mk 12 Mod 0 (Automatic Cannon, 20×110mm USN) M195 (Rotary-Barreled Automatic Cannon, 20×102mm)
M140/E3/E5 (Automatic Cannon, 30×100mm) M188/E1 (Automatic Cannon, 30×113mm)
Marlin machine gun====Automatic grenade launchers====
XM307 (Grenade machine gun, 25 mm HV Airburst) M75/M129 (Automatic Grenade Launcher, 40×53mm)
M174 grenade launcher (Automatic Grenade Launcher, 40×46mm)
M175 grenade launcher (Automatic Grenade Launcher, 40×53mm)
Mk 18 Mod 0 grenade launcher (Manually Operated, Belt-Fed Grenade Launcher, 40×46mm)
Mk 20 Mod 0 (Automatic Grenade Launcher, 40×46mm)===Experimental===
Lightweight Medium Machine Gun (Medium Machine Gun) (.338 Norma Magnum)==Missile launchers=====In active service===
FIM-92 Stinger (surface-to-air missile) (70 mm)
FGM-148 Javelin (anti-tank missile) (127 mm) BGM-71 TOW (Tube-launched Optically tracked
Wire-guided) (anti-tank missile) (152mm)===In active service (some branches, secondary
or limited roles)===Mk 153 Mod 0/2 SMAW (Shoulder-launched Multipurpose
Assault Weapon) (anti-fortification, anti-armor missile) (83 mm) (USMC)===Out of service===
FIM-43 Redeye M47 Dragon==Recoilless rifles=====In active service===
M3 MAAWS (Multi-role Anti-armor Anti-tank Weapon System) (anti-fortification, anti-armor
recoilless rifle) (84 mm)===Out of service===
M67 recoilless rifle (90 mm) M18 recoilless rifle (57 mm)
M20 recoilless rifle (75 mm) M27 recoilless rifle (105 mm, developed into
M40) M40 recoilless rifle (105 mm, called 106 mm
to forestall use of incompatible M27 ammunition)==Mortars=====In active service===
M120 120 mm mortar/M121 120 mm mortar (Army) M224 60 mm mortar
M252 81 mm mortar M327 EFSS (USMC)
Cardom (Army)===Out of service===
M1 Mortar (81 mm) M2 Mortar (60 mm)
M19 Mortar (60 mm) M29 Mortar (81 mm)
M30 107 mm Mortar Mk 2 Mod 0/1 (Breech-loaded Mortar, 81 mm)===Experimental===
Dragon Fire 120 mm automated mortar MFSS 120 mm mortar==Artillery=====In active service===
M119 (105 mm Towed Howitzer) M777 (155 mm Towed Howitzer)===In active service (some branches, secondary
or limited roles)===M102 (105 mm Towed Howitzer) (used on USAF
AC-130 gunships)===Out of service===
M59 (155 mm Field Gun) M114/A1 (155 mm Towed Howitzer)
M1/M115 (203 mm/8″ Towed Howitzer) M1902 (76.2mm/3″ Field Gun)
M101/A1 (105 mm Towed Howitzer) 3 inch Gun M5
M116 (75 mm Pack Howitzer) M198 (155 mm Towed Howitzer)==Munitions systems=====In active service===
M7 Spider===Experimental===
XM1100 Scorpion==Mine dispenser=====In active service===
M139 Volcano===Out of service===
M128 GEMSS==Mine-clearing systems=====In active service===
APOBS Mk 7 Mod 2 M58 Mine Clearing Line Charge
MK155 Mine Clearance Launcher

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