Secretary Tillerson Remarks on the 2016 Religious Freedom Report

SECRETARY TILLERSON: Morning, all. We are releasing today the 2016 International
Religious Freedom Report. This report is a requirement pursuant to the
International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 – legislation that upholds religious freedom
as a core American value under the Constitution’s First Amendment, as well as a universal human
right. This law calls for the government to, quote,
“[Stand] for liberty and [stand] with the persecuted, to use and implement appropriate
tools in the United States foreign policy apparatus, including diplomatic, political,
commercial, charitable, educational, and cultural channels, to promote respect for religious
freedom by all governments and peoples.” Almost 20 years after the law’s passage,
conditions in many parts of the world are far from ideal. Religious persecution and intolerance remains
far too prevalent. Almost 80 percent of the global population
live with restrictions on or hostilities to limit their freedom of religion. Where religious freedom is not protected,
we know that instability, human rights abuses, and violent extremism have a greater opportunity
to take root. We cannot ignore these conditions. The Trump administration has committed to
addressing these conditions in part by advancing international religious freedom around the
world. The State Department will continue to advocate
on behalf of those seeking to live their lives according to their faith. The release of the 2016 International Religious
Freedom Report details the status of religious freedom in 199 countries and territories,
and provides insights as to significant and growing challenges. Today I want to call out a few of the more
egregious and troubling examples. As we make progress in defeating ISIS and
denying them their caliphate, their terrorist members have and continue to target multiple
religions and ethnic groups for rape, kidnapping, enslavement, and even death. To remove any ambiguity from previous statements
or reports by the State Department, the crime of genocide requires three elements: specific
acts with specific intent to destroy in whole or in part specific people, members of national,
ethnic, racial, or religious groups. Specific act, specific intent, specific people. Application of the law to the facts at hand
leads to the conclusion ISIS is clearly responsible for genocide against Yezidis, Christians,
and Shia Muslims in areas it controls or has controlled. ISIS is also responsible for crimes against
humanity and ethnic cleansing directed at these same groups, and in some cases against
Sunni Muslims, Kurds, and other minorities. More recently, ISIS has claimed responsibility
for attacks on Christian pilgrims and churches in Egypt. The protection of these groups – and others
subject to violent extremism – is a human rights priority for the Trump administration. We will continue working with our regional
partners to protect religious minority communities from terrorist attacks and to preserve their
cultural heritage. As the 2016 report indicates, many governments
around the world use discriminatory laws to deny their citizens freedom of religion or
belief. In Iran, Baha’is, Christians, and other
minorities are persecuted for their faith. Iran continues to sentence individuals to
death under vague apostasy laws – 20 individuals were executed in 2016 on charges that included,
quote, “waging war against God.” Members of the Baha’i community are in prison
today simply for abiding by their beliefs. We remain concerned about the state of religious
freedom in Saudi Arabia. The government does not recognize the right
of non-Muslims to practice their religion in public and applied criminal penalties,
including prison sentences, lashings, and fines, for apostasy, atheism, blasphemy, and
insulting the state’s interpretation of Islam. Of particular concern are attacks targeting
Shia Muslims, and the continued pattern of social prejudice and discrimination against
them. We urge Saudi Arabia to embrace greater degrees
of religious freedom for all of its citizens. In Turkey, authorities continued to limit
the human rights of members of some religious minority groups, and some communities continue
to experience protracted property disputes. Non-Sunni Muslims, such as Alevi Muslims,
do not receive the same governmental protections as those enjoyed by recognized non-Muslim
minorities and have faced discrimination and violence. Additionally, the United States continues
to advocate for the release of Pastor Andrew Brunson, who has been wrongfully imprisoned
in Turkey. And in Bahrain, the government continued to
question, detain, and arrest Shia clerics, community members, and opposition politicians. Members of the Shia community there continue
to report ongoing discrimination in government employment, education, and the justice system. Bahrain must stop discriminating against the
Shia communities. In China, the government tortures, detains,
and imprisons thousands for practicing their religious beliefs. Dozens of Falun Gong members have died in
detention. Police – policies that restrict Uighur Muslims’
and Tibetan Buddhists’ religious expression and practice have increased. Religious freedom is under attack in Pakistan,
where more than two dozen are on death row or serving a life imprisonment for blasphemy. The government marginalizes Ahmadiyya Muslims,
and refuses to recognize them as Muslim. It is my hope that the new prime minister
and his government will promote interfaith harmony and protect the rights of religious
minorities. Finally, in Sudan the government arrests,
detains, and intimidates clergy and church members. It denies permits for the construction of
new churches and is closing or demolishing existing ones. We encourage the Government of Sudan to engage
concretely on the religious freedom action plan provided by the department last year. Unfortunately, the list goes on. No one should have to live in fear, worship
in secret, or face discrimination because of his or her beliefs. As President Trump has said, we look forward
to a day when, quote, “people of all faiths, Christians and Muslims and Jewish and Hindu,
can follow their hearts and worship according to their conscience,” end quote. The State Department will continue its efforts
to make that a reality. Recently nominated Ambassador-at-Large for
International Religious Freedom, Governor Sam Brownback, will be the highest-ranking
official ever to take up this important post. We look forward to his swift confirmation. I thank my many colleagues at the department
and overseas who contributed to this report, and specifically the Office of International
Religious Freedom, including Senior Advisor on Global Justice Issues Pam Pryor, Special
Advisor for Religious Minorities Knox Thames, and the previous ambassador-at-large, David
Saperstein. We look forward to working with Congress,
and the administration, to continue America’s indispensable role as a champion of religious
freedom the world over. Thank you very much. QUESTION: Mr. Secretary, do you have any response
to Kim Jong-un’s decision to pull back his threat on Guam? SECRETARY TILLERSON: No, I have no response
to his decisions at all at this time. Thank you. QUESTION: Any comments on the situation there,
in North Korea? SECRETARY TILLERSON: We continue to be interested
in finding a way to get to a dialogue, but that’s up to him. Thank you.

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