Press the Bell Icon to never miss a video from Testbook.com Namashkaar Friends and Welcome to this video! On 28th September 2018, we are celebrating the Birth Anniversary of the revolutionary freedom fighter, Bhagat Singh. Bhagat Sigh is considered to be one of the most influential revolutionaries of the Indian National Movement. He has contributed to numerous revolutionary organizations and played an important role in the Indian freedom movement. Before going further, answer this one question. Do you know the name of Bhagat Singh’s companion with whom he bombarded the Assembly Chamber? You can give answer to this question in the comment section. We will answer this question towards the end of this video. Bhagat Singh was born on 28th September 1907 in in Lyllapur district, Banga which is now part of Pakistan. His father’s name was Kishan Singh and his mother’s name was Vidyavati. Born into a family of patriotic Sikhs, well-known for their participation in revolutionary activities against the British Raj. He was inspired greatly by the courage of his Father and Uncles. The politically aware environment at home helped incite a patriotic spark in the heart of young Bhagat Singh. Bhagat Singh studied till the fifth class in his village school after which he was enrolled at the Dayanand Anglo Vedic High School in Lahore. At a very young age, Bhagat Singh started following Non-Cooperation Movement, initiated by Mahatma Gandhi. Two incidents during his teen days shaped his strong patriotic outlook. The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre in 1919 and killing of unarmed Akali protesters at the Nankana Sahib in 1921 are these two incidences. Following the Chauri Chaura Incident, Gandhi called for the withdrawal of the Non-Cooperation movement. Unhappy with the decision, Bhagat Singh, isolated himself from Gandhi’s nonviolent action and joined the Young Revolutionary Movement. Initially, Bhagat Singh’s activities were limited to writing corrosive articles against the British Government. Bhagat Singh wrote many pamphlets outlining violent uprising, printed and distributed to aim at overthrowing the Government. As a revenge for the death of Lala Lajpat Rai during the protest against Simon Commission, Bhagat Singh and his associates plotted the assassination of James A. Scott. But, Bhagat and his associates mistaking J.P. Saunders, as Scott, killed him instead. Bhagat Singh to avoid recognition, he shaved his beard and cut his hair, and quickly left Lahore to escape his arrest. On 8 April 1929, Bhagat Singh, accompanied by Batukeshwar Dutt, threw two bombs into the Assembly chamber from its public gallery. Their intention was not to kill anyone but to gain publicity. After the explosion, the young men began shouting the slogan “Inquilab Zindabad!” and threw leaflets. Then they offered themselves for arrest. Bhagat Singh was given a life sentence for the bombing and shortly afterwards Sukhdev, Rajguru, and 21 others we also arrested and charged with the Saunders murder. Singh’s growing popularity bothered the British authorities greatly and the government decided to advance the start of the Saunders murder trial, which was henceforth called the Lahore Conspiracy Case. Following the trial, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, and Rajguru were sentenced to death by hanging. On March 23, 1931, 7:30 am, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were hanged. It is said that the trio proceeded towards the gallows, chanting slogans like “Inquilab Zindabad” and “Down with British Imperialism” Bhagat Singh and his peers were cremated at Hussainiwala on the banks of Sutlej River. This was one small glimpse based on Freedom Fighter Bhagat Singh’s life. Do let us know your views about this video in the comment section. Like this video and share with your friends and take some inspiration from Bhagat Singh’s life. Subscribe to Testbook’s YouTube Channel and do not forget to click on the Bell Icon. Thank you for watching this video and All the Best!