THE MAESTA PANELS by Mark Vinet | discover David Wade’s NEW YORK CITY | DENARY Historical Series

This Edition of TIMELINE presents «Discover
NEW YORK CITY». The City of New York is situated on the Timeline
at the end of the nineteenth century. Although founded in the early 1600s, modern
New York City was consolidated and formed in 1898. To put this in perspective, Abraham Lincoln
was elected president in 1860 and World War Two ended in 1945. New York City, often called the Big Apple,
is the largest city in the United States and the center of global finance, communications,
entertainment, and business. New York is unusual among cities because of
its high residential density, its extraordinarily diverse population, its hundreds of tall office
and apartment buildings, its thriving central business district, its extensive public transportation
system, and its more than 400 distinct neighborhoods. The city’s concert houses, museums, galleries,
and theaters constitute an ensemble of cultural richness rivaled by few cities. The greater metropolitan region is an impressive
urban agglomeration of almost 24 million people. The population of New York City itself is
over 8 million. Each of its five boroughs is large enough
to be an important city in its own right, with populations exceeding those of many major
North American cities. New York is the most ethnically diverse city
in the world. Millions of immigrants entered the United
States through Ellis Island in Upper New York Bay. A building complex on the Island served as
a district headquarters for U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Services until 1954. New York City still contains 2 million foreign-born
residents. 11 out of every 20 New Yorkers are immigrants
or the children of immigrants. These eclectic cultures from around the world
are reflected in the street festivals and ethnic celebrations that take place year-round. Although many maps of New York exist, Timeline’s
choice is a simple map that is easy to comprehend, and fun to replicate for school projects. Now, let’s explore each part of this map: The city developed at the point where the
Hudson River mingles with the waters of the Atlantic Ocean and Long Island Sound. The harbor consists of the Upper Bay, an arm
of the Atlantic Ocean, and the various waterways that border the city, including the East River,
which is actually a salt water tidal strait. New York’s harbor is one of the largest
and finest in the world and is ice-free in all seasons. Unlike most American cities, which make up
only a part of a particular county, New York City is made up of five separate counties,
which are called boroughs. Originally the city included only the borough
of Manhattan, located on an island between the Hudson and East rivers. In 1898 a number of surrounding communities
were consolidated and incorporated into the city as the boroughs of Queens, Brooklyn,
the Bronx and Staten Island. The Bronx is the only borough on the mainland. Manhattan and Staten Island are surrounded
by water, while Queens and Brooklyn are part of Long Island. QUEENS, named for Queen Catherine the wife
of English King Charles II, is the largest of the five boroughs. Covering 109 square miles at the western end
of Long Island, Queens is separated from Brooklyn by Newtown Creek and from the rest of the
city by the East River and Long Island Sound. It stretches to the Atlantic Ocean on the
south and borders Nassau County on the east. It is overwhelmingly residential and probably
the most ethnically diverse community in the world. Queens has 2 million residents and is second
in population only to Brooklyn among the five boroughs. The neighborhoods of Queens have a strong
sense of individual identity. Some are heavily industrial and others are
suburban-style enclaves of the well-to-do. Major ethnic concentrations make up well-known
neighborhoods such as Astoria, Woodside, Forest Hills, Flushing, and Elmhurst. Queens is the home of Shea Stadium, Aqueduct
Racetrack, the National Tennis Center, and both LaGuardia and JFK airports. Queens hosted two successful World’s Fairs
in 1939 and 1964. It has more than 6,400 acres of parkland,
almost as much as the other four boroughs combined, and it has 10 miles of beaches along
the Atlantic Ocean. Queens is also known for its numerous and
enormous cemeteries. For example, Calvary Cemetery is the burial
site of 2.5 million persons, more than any other burial ground in the United States. BROOKLYN, a Dutch word, is the second largest
and most populous of the five boroughs. It is located on the southwestern tip of Long
Island, west of Queens and situated across the Upper Bay and the East River from Manhattan. The borough is connected to Manhattan by the
Brooklyn Bridge and has a land area of 70 square miles. Brooklyn has 2.5 million residents, more than
any other U.S. city, with the exception of the entire city of New York and the cities
of Los Angeles and Chicago. Indeed, as a separate municipality before
1898, it was the third largest city in the United States. Brooklyn retains a strong separate identity. It has an important central business district
and dozens of varied and clearly identifiable neighborhoods, including Bedford Stuyvesant,
Williamsburgh, Crown Heights, and Borough Park. Brooklyn is the home of such major cultural
institutions as the Brooklyn Museum, the Brooklyn Academy of Music, and the Brooklyn Botanic
Garden. Coney Island is well known for its beaches
and amusement parks. STATEN ISLAND is the third largest and least
populous of the five boroughs. It is located at the juncture of Upper & Lower
New York Bay. The island is physically closer to the state
of New Jersey, to which it is connected by four bridges, than to the rest of New York
City, to which it is connected only by the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge and the world-famous
Staten Island Ferry. Staten Island encompasses 59 square miles. The southernmost of the five boroughs, it
has 400,000 inhabitants, or about 5 percent of the population of the entire city. Staten Island has dozens of distinct neighborhoods,
and it has the highest proportion of single-family housing and owner-occupied housing in the
city, including many homes dating from the 17th and 18th centuries. The BRONX, another Dutch word, is the fourth
largest and the northernmost of the five boroughs, and the only one on the American mainland. Even so, it is surrounded by water on three
sides: Long Island Sound on the east, the Harlem and East rivers on the south, and Hudson
River on the west. Encompassing 42 square miles, it has 1.3 million
inhabitants. Largely residential, the Bronx includes dozens
of vibrant neighborhoods. Parts of the Bronx, however, fell victim to
decay and abandonment in the 1970s, when the population of the borough fell by 20 percent. Since then, the process has reversed with
rehabilitation of most devastated areas. The borough’s many attractions include the
world-famous Bronx Zoo, Yankee Stadium, and the New York Botanical Garden. MANHATTAN, a Native American word, is the
smallest of the five boroughs with a land area of 28 square miles. The borough consists principally of the island
of Manhattan, but also includes Governors Island, Randalls Island, Wards Island, Roosevelt
Island, U Thant Island, and Marble Hill, a small enclave on the edge of the Bronx mainland. Manhattan’s population peaked in 1910 with
2.3 million people, after which it began a slow decline to 1.4 million in 1980. Since then, the population has again begun
to increase, now at more than 1.6 million. Its residents inhabit diverse and colorful
neighborhoods such as Greenwich Village, SoHo, TriBeCa, and Harlem, as well as, many famous
avenues, streets and green spaces, like the iconic Central Park. Home of the United Nations, Manhattan is the
glittering heart of the metropolis and is the site of virtually all of the hundreds
of skyscrapers that are the symbol of the city. Among the most famous skyscrapers are the
Chrysler Building completed in 1930 and the Empire State Building finished one year later. Notable religious structures include Saint
Patrick’s Cathedral, the seat of the Roman Catholic archdiocese of New York, and the
Cathedral of Saint John the Divine, the largest Gothic-style cathedral in the world. Other noteworthy buildings and landmarks include
the city’s first skyscraper, the Flatiron Building; Wall Street’s Stock Exchange building,
Federal Hall, the Statue of Liberty, and Grant’s Tomb, where repose President Ulysses S. Grant
and his wife. Because of its huge size, its concentrated
wealth, and its mixture of people from around the world, New York City offers its residents
and visitors a staggering array of cultural riches. The city is the world’s leading center for
performing arts. Manhattan is the center of New York’s cultural
life. Numerous stage & movie theaters are located
around Broadway and Times Square in Midtown. Manhattan is also home to prominent music
& dance organizations, such as the New York City Opera Company, the Metropolitan Opera
Association, the Philharmonic-Symphony Society of New York, American Ballet Theatre, & the
New York City Ballet. The city’s impressive museums contain a
wide range of artistic and historical subjects. More than 100 institutions of higher education
operate in New York City, including some of the nation’s more prestigious centers of
learning. Columbia University is the oldest, wealthiest,
and most famous of New York’s institutions of higher education. Other leading educational institutions include
New York University, the nation’s largest private university; Fordham University, an
important Catholic institution; Yeshiva University, the nation’s first major college expressly
for the education of Orthodox Jews; and the Julliard School, which is widely regarded
as the most distinguished musical and performing arts institution in the nation. 21st century New York continues to grow and
transform itself. The World Trade Center Site is home to the
National September 11 Memorial & Museum, while the futuristic angular Freedom Tower, the
tallest skyscraper in the Western Hemisphere, now reigns above this beautiful metropolis. This concludes our fascinating journey of
discovery to New York City. We hope you have enjoyed this presentation
and look forward to meeting you again soon… along the TIMELINE.

2 thoughts on “THE MAESTA PANELS by Mark Vinet | discover David Wade’s NEW YORK CITY | DENARY Historical Series

  • Thank you for reading my DENARY novels and joining me, along with David Wade, Julia Cartier, and Denary, on our exciting adventures. I hope you enjoy the books. Mark Vinet

  • I love New York too! I have visited NY many times. I have read and enjoyed THE MAESTA PANELS by Mark Vinet. Great Novel ! It is cool that the main character's office is in NYC's Empire State Building. I look forward to the second book in the series. Thanks for this video series. RN

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